Jan 24th - Henry on Management Spring 2008

Jan 24th - Henry on Management Spring 2008 - Henry on...

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Henry on Management
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Outline I. What is the Context in Which Public Organizations Operate? II. Paradigms Defined and Used in Public Administration III. Models of Organizations IV. Application
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I. What is the Context in Which Public Organizations Operate? What is Context? Context is not merely physical, it includes the…. beliefs and values that shape our expectations of public organizations as well as the structures we have developed to try and maintain those values.
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Environment: players, rules, issues, policy making must be democratic in America (interests of the people prevail, individualism, equality, liberty, justice) Key values: security, liberty, equality
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Components/players in the context: federal, state, local, county governments, special districts, and non-profit organizations Why are other levels of government and non-profits so important?
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II. Paradigm Defined… a philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within which theories, laws, and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of them are formulated; broadly : a philosophical or theoretical framework of any kind
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Locus or Focus Locus—the institutional ‘where’: government bureaucracy or somewhere else Focus—the specialized ‘what’: the body of knowledge and expertise 6 in public administration…defined by
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PA Paradigms 1. Politics/Administration 1900-1926 (Locus--government) 2. Principals of Administration 1927-1937 (Focus—expertise, principles) 3. Public Administration as Political Science 1950-1970 (Locus—government)
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PA Paradigms 4. Public Administration as Management 1956-1970 (Focus—techniques, expertise) 5. Public Administration as Public Administration 1970- Present (Locus) 6. Governance 1990-present (Locus and Focus?)
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III. Models of Organizations Closed—bureaucratic, hierarchical, formal, rational, mechanistic Open—collegial, competitive, free market, informal, natural, organic Differences—assumptions about: the organizational environment, the nature of
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Jan 24th - Henry on Management Spring 2008 - Henry on...

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