Feb 7 - Theories of Public Policy Spring 2008

Process model public policy as political activity who

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: as political activity Who: voters, interest groups, legislators, voters, presidents, bureaucrats, judges presidents, How: ID problem, set agenda, formulate policy ID proposals, legitimate policies, implement policies, evaluate policies evaluate Implications/assumptions: who participates has a critical or determinant impact on the process on 6 3. Group Theory Public policy as group equilibrium Who: interest groups, their allies in government How: struggle among interest groups with struggle legislature/executive as referee to manage group conflict and establish rules of the game conflict Implications/assumptions: groups will always groups join to press for particular issues, all interests will have an opportunity for representation have 7 4. Elite Theory Public policy as elite preference Who: elites that have power, ability to allocate elites value value How: implementation of the preferences and implementation values of the governing elite; public officials merely carry out policies decided on by the elites merely Implications/assumptions: public is apathetic public elites agree upon norms; political action is merely symbolic; protects the status quo symbolic; 8 5. Rationalism Public policy as maximum social gain Who: decision makers (all social, political, Who decision economic values sacrificed or achieved by a policy choice) irrespective of dollar amount (Bentham, Mills) (Bentham, How: select policy alternative(s) that allows gains select to society to exceed costs by the greatest amount to Implications/assumptions: assumes that the assumes values preferences of the society as a whole can be known and weighted known 9 6. Incrementalism Public policy as variations on the...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online