Unformatted text preview: , or nations depending upon the individuals, scope of the problem scope How: environment may stimulate inputs into political environment system, producing outputs and feedback Implications/assumptions: systems implies an systems identifiable set of institutions and activities in society that functions to transforms demands into authoritative decisions requiring the support of the whole society; implies that the elements of the system are interrelated, that the system can respond to forces in its environment, and that it will do so to preserve itself and 13 13 10. Kingdon Who: participants inside and outside government How: choice opportunity is a garbage can into which choice various kinds of problems and solutions are dumped by participants as they are generated; policy outcomes are a function of the mix of the garbage: problems, solutions, participants, and participant resources in the can and how the can is processed the Implications/assumptions: each of the actors and each processes can operate either as an impetus or as a constraint; streams operate largely independent of one another another
14 14 1. Institutionalism 2. Process 3. Group Theory 4. Elite Theory 5. Rationalism 6. Incrementalism 7. Game Theory 8. Public Choice Theory 9. Systems Theory
15 15 The Policy Process Process Activity Participants 16 16 1. Problem Identification Activity Publicizing societal problems Expressing demands for govern...
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- Spring '07
- Public Policy