Apr 17 - New Public Management Spring 2008

Apr 17 - New Public Management Spring 2008 - The New Public...

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1 The New Public Management: A Global Revolution
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2 Foundations of Reform Global motivations: Spread around the world and sweeping in scope Governments used management reform to reshape the role of the state and its relationship with citizens
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3 6 Core Characteristics of Management Reform Productivity : Governments must learn to reduce cost and provide the same amount of service. Marketization : Replace traditional command and control mechanisms with market strategies. Service Orientation : Public trust in government institutions has declined because many think programs are unresponsive .
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4 Decentralization : decentralize government to lower levels. Transferring responsibilities to local governments. Policy: separated government’s role as purchaser of services from its role in providing them. Improve efficiency of service delivery Accountability for results : Focus on outputs and outcomes instead of processes and structures. Overall goal : replace traditional rule-based, authority driven processes with market based competition driven tactics 6 Core Characteristics of Management Reform
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5 Uniting the different efforts are: strategies to push operational decisions closer to the front lines; to focus those decisions on results rather than on processes; to increase efficiency by testing governments processes against private markets ; increase responsiveness of government to citizen, and capacity of government to manage effectively.
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6 The Transformation of Public Management What explains the fact that so many governments pursued such similar strategies so aggressively at much the same time?
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7 The Transformation of Public Management Political : Making institutions more democratic, building civil society, and reshaping their relationships with citizens. Social : Industrialized nations: standards of living stagnated; many families required two wage earners to match standard of living that one formerly provided. Economic : countries launch reform to prevent economic stagnation and fuel economic growth.
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8 The Transformation of Public Management Institutional : all governments part of increasing global economy and political system. Political power and program administration have become more concentrated at levels above the nation- state and less concentrated in sub- national govt’s and civil society; this results in new constellation of relationships.
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Apr 17 - New Public Management Spring 2008 - The New Public...

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