2._Systems_Thinking - Objectives Explain how system...

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General Systems Theory Life was simple before World War II. After that, we had systems. G. Hopper 2 Objectives ± Explain how system thinking distinguishes system engineering from other fields ± Describe how a system’s structure, boundary, visibility and spatial arrangement contribute to the description of a system under study 3 History - The Evolution of Systems Agricultural Society Early Industrial Society Late Industrial Society Knowledge Based Society The Machine Age The System Age 4 The Machine Age vs. The Systems Age ± Machine Age ² determinism ± which results in analytical thinking and reductionism ² mechanism ± which results in closed system thinking ± Systems Age ² expansionism ± which results in synthetic thinking or open system thinking ² teleologically oriented ± which results in viewing multiple means and/or ends and includes human groups and organizations 5 General Systems Theory ± Roots in cybernetics (Wiener, 1948), the concept of self- regulation (corrective feedback) ± General Systems Theory (Bertalanffy, 1951) is the concept of a common ground for interdisciplinary relationships needed to study complex systems. 6 The Origin of General Systems Theory American Association for the Advancement of Science ± The Society for General Systems Research was organized in 1954 to further the development of theoretical systems which are applicable to more than one of the traditional departments of knowledge. Major functions are to: ² investigate the concepts, laws and models in various fields, and to help in useful transfers from one field to another; ² encourage the development of adequate theoretical models in the fields which lack them; ² minimize the duplication of theoretical efforts; ² promote the unity of science through improving communication among specialists (Bertalanffy, 1968)
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2009 for the course ISE 627 taught by Professor Componation during the Fall '08 term at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

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2._Systems_Thinking - Objectives Explain how system...

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