EM 760 lec 13 - 08 - student slides

EM 760 lec 13 - 08 - student slides - Engineering...

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1 Engineering Management Structures and Systems Lecture 13 April 8, 2008 LOCALNESS Chapter 14 Localness • People learn faster when they have true responsibility • Localness – moving decisions down the organization hierarchy • Hierarchical organizations: the top thinks, local acts • Learning organizations: the top fosters learning, local confronts and decides • Localness is a particular type of decentralization
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2 Localness in Action • Change is experienced more directly at the local level • Local leaders confront and deal with full range of issues • Localness unleashes people’s commitment by giving them freedom to act • People implement their own ideas and are held responsible for producing results Cornerstone of the Learning Organization • Giving up control – Fear of becoming unimportant or unneeded – Challenge of coordination and collaborative control – Needed to promote learning and harness enthusiasm • Making localness work properly – Improving the quality of thinking – Improving the capacity for reflection and team learning – Improving the ability to develop a shared vision Why Is this so Difficult? • Managers want to be in control • Local decision-makers do not always make good decisions • Failure leads to learning to gain sufficient experience necessary to make good decisions • Reaction to crises in the environment is to pull back and centralize • We no longer have the luxury of time
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3 The Illusion of Being in Control • Example of roller skates • A push type mfg system • Vacillating between localness and centralization Control without Controlling • Centralized control is too slow to be effective • Organic control is maintaining critical internal balances between systems • The mission, vision, and values can connect people • Continual visioning helps enrich visions • Sharing changes means adjusting our mental models • Learning skills help within and between the teams • All facilitate self control Tragedy of the Commons • Archetype – system encourages components to act in their own self-interests to the detriment of the whole • Conditions – A common shared resource – Individuals are free to exploit use of resource without awareness of the cost of exploitation • Short-term gains lead to selfish consuming • Long term ramifications go unacknowledged • More than one actor recognizes the problem
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4 Tragedy of the Commons Diagram Individual Gain Total Activity Time Field Book Managing Tragedy of the Commons
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2009 for the course EM 760 taught by Professor Utley during the Spring '08 term at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

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EM 760 lec 13 - 08 - student slides - Engineering...

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