EM 760 lec 5 - 08 - student slides

EM 760 lec 5 - 08 - student slides - 1 Engineering...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Engineering Management Organization Structure and Systems Session 5 February 5, 2008 Review Org Design 9 Determine purpose or overall goal of the organization 9 Analyze environment 9 Determine the overall culture needed 9 Analyze adv and disadvantages of each type of structure 9 Select the one whose adv match and whose disadvantages can be tolerated Outline for Today Design Elements Numbers, Size and Shape Span of Control Control Bureaucracy Authority, Power and Responsibility MBO Rewarding A while hoping for B Communication Barnards Theory of Authority Mintzbergs Management Roles 2 The Hierarchy As organization grows # of employees increases Specialization increases Differentiation increases Motivation problems increase In response, for control (traditional org) # of managers increases Levels in org increase Advantages of More Managers Influence behavior More face-to-face interaction More on-the-job learning Help employees develop skills Technical Managerial Increase core competency Disadvantages of More Managers Hinders direct communication Slows decision making Could hinder decentralization and the transfer of responsibility More overhead costs 3 Size and Shape Span of control Org levels Span and levels are inversely proportional Tall organizations Flat organizations Recent research Span and Levels Tall vs. Flat Organizations Communication Information flow Decisions Response to customer needs Communication distortion Motivation Costs 4 Reasons for Needing Dramatic Changes Bad management Did not recognize the need Prefer to do nothing Pay little attention No long-term consequence cognition If org downsizes, what must also happen? Parkinsons Law As ships decreased, org increased Bigger empire more status More managers lead to more work Organization will expand at 6.4% / year regardless of the input or output Factors Affecting Shape Principle of minimum chain of command Ability to adequately supervise # of employees and interactions Number of interrelated tasks Complexity of tasks Horizontal differentiation Centralization vs. decentralization Standardization 5 Span of Control Issues Narrow Span Close supervision...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2009 for the course EM 760 taught by Professor Utley during the Spring '08 term at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

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EM 760 lec 5 - 08 - student slides - 1 Engineering...

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