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MGT1FOM_Sem2_2009_PracticeExam2_AnswerGuide

MGT1FOM_Sem2_2009_PracticeExam2_AnswerGuide - LA TROBE...

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LA TROBE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF LAW AND MANAGEMENT SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT MGT1FOM – FOUNDATIONS OF MANAGEMENT PRACTICE EXAMINATION #2, SEMESTER 2, 2009 ANSWER GUIDE PART A (10 marks) 1. D 2. E 3. C 4. A 5. A 6. D or B 7. A 8. E 9. C 10. E 11. B 12. B 13. A or C 14. D 15. C 16. C 17. A 18. C 19. C 20. D PART B: 1. Compare and contrast the main characteristics of the moral rights and justice ethical frameworks. Moral rights view Decisions are concerned with respecting and protecting the basic rights of individuals: o the right to privacy o freedom of association o free speech
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3 Justice revolves around the adaptation of two fundamental principles which guarantee a just and morally acceptable society: o the right of each person to have the most extensive basic liberty compatible with the liberty of others o social and economic positions are to be to everyone's advantage; and open to all Decision-makers seek to impose rules fairly and impartially: o In administration (procedural justice) o Irrespective of an individual’s characteristics (distributive justice) o With dignity and respect (interactional justice) Protects the interests of stakeholders who are under-represented or lack power Students should provide an example to illustrate their understanding 2. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of a mechanistic organisational structure? Students should explain the characteristics of a mechanistic structure. Mechanistic structures are based on a formal framework of authority that is carefully outlined and precisely followed. An organisation that uses a mechanistic structure is likely to have the following characteristics: clearly specified tasks; precise definitions of the rights and obligations of members; clearly defined line and staff positions with formal relationships between the two; tendency toward formal communication throughout the organisational structure. The advantages of mechanistic structures are: efficient use of resources, economies of scale; efficient use of labour due to high labour specialisation (division of labour); clear chain of command; clear career paths within functional units. Potential difficulties include: poor integration of the functional units (in terms of time, costs, communication); tall hierarchies, suggesting large layers of middle management; inability to respond quickly to changing [uncertain] environment; centralised decision-making; and goal ambiguity. Students should attempt to explain each of these advantages and disadvantages, rather than just listing them. 3. Outline the main contribution of the Hawthorne studies to management theory and practice. The Hawthorne Studies highlighted the importance of the social context of work. In particular, these series of experiments highlighted the impact of worker attitudes and group dynamics have on worker productivity. This contrasts sharply with the arguments of Taylor and other advocates of scientific management, who focused solely on the construction of tasks and its relationship to worker productivity. Rather, these studies show that productivity increases because of social factors
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