why the confederacy lost

why the confederacy lost - Either side might have won the...

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Either side might have won the war…Confederate and Union strategists never got the better of the other. The North definitely enjoyed a logistical advantage with the better rail system. Personally, I think that that in itself was one of the most important factors for deciding the outcome of the war. For the Confederate soldier, small-unit cohesion played an important role in motivating the individual man to fight. Love of his Southern nation was powerful as well. For a Union man, love for his Union and his military family provided the strength he needed to endure to the end. These loyalties were not even and changed over time. By 1864, the rebel deserted home (with regret) in substantial numbers. Blacks deserted, sabotaged the slave system, and white southerners living at home felt threatened. The battlefield cannot be separated from society and politics. Public opinion played into the importance of the war. Union’s political strategy proposed by Winfield Scott of blockading the Mississippi River and forcing the seceded states to return to the Union. However, the South held a tactical defensive where they could retreat faster than they were pursued and if they so chose to fight they had a very good position to meet the tactical offensive held by the Union. South moved faster because they were smaller and they left behind a denuded countryside which made a new strategy necessary: Union strategy was to conquer territories which supplied the confederacy. Gain and loss of territory was something that was concrete and could affect attitudes of European powers and public opinion in both the North and the South. “God favors the side that has more divisions.” Union soldiers outnumbered the Rebels by 2 to 1. Southern losses as a percentage were more than double that of the Union because of the total number of troops available to them was considerably less. Battle of Fair Oaks in the vicinity of Richmond –May 1862 – Johnston (Rebel) held the tactical
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2009 for the course HIST 4055 taught by Professor Royster during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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why the confederacy lost - Either side might have won the...

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