Unformatted text preview: other species. The vertebrate eye was evolved independently. Kayak also was evolved in a natural selection. Depend on the need and necessity the models has been changed up until the time that we see today. Also Kayak was evolved in different parts of the world independently, thus did not follow the imitation process in the beginning. 26. What is conformist bias? Why does it seem plausible that conformist bias in cultural transmission is likely to be adaptive? Conformity bias is weighting the common type of behavior more heavily. Imitating the most common behavior in the population is better than imitating at random. Boyd uses the term “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” in reference to this point. Conformist bias in cultural transmission is likely to be adaptive if the conformist tendency is genetically or culturally heritable. It will then be favored by natural selection....
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- Fall '09