Term Paper (HEED 300) - Raevan Barnes Dr Chandrika Johnson...

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Raevan Barnes Dr. Chandrika Johnson HEED 300 Human Sexuality Due: April 5, 2019
Definition of HPV Vaccine HPV stands for human papillomavirus. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that is very common. The infection could affect both males and females who are sexually active. While most HPV infections clear, “persistent HPV infection is strongly associated with risk of cervical cancer and genital warts”. HPV also causes other female and male genital cancers, including the vaginal, vulva, penile and anal cancers. The HPV vaccines are vaccines preventing certain types of human papillomavirus from infection. History and origin of HPV Vaccine The first vaccine against HPV was approved by the FDA in June of 2006. The vaccine is made by Merck called Gardasil and it is a prophylactic quadrivalent vaccine that protects against four HPV types (6,11,16 and 18). The nine HPV types have caused “90% of cervical cancers in women (and the majority of other HPV-related cancers in women), 95% of all HPV-related cancers in men and 90% of genital warts” (Braaten & Laufter 2008). Many people believe that the vaccine prevents all types of cervical cancers. When in fact the vaccines will only protect against two of cancer-causing strains (Krishnan M.D, 2008). There is a second vaccine made by GlaxoSmithKline that is called Cervarix. This vaccine also protects against infection of the two major types of cancer in HPV (types 16 and 18) (Monie,2008). Australia approved of the vaccine in May of 2007 and was the first country to do so and on October 16, 2009 the US FDA approved of the vaccine. Prevalence and Incidence of HPV Vaccine Demographics of HPV Vaccine
There are approximately 14 million people who are infected with HPV yearly. HPV has more than 100 types and about 40 of them are known to affect the genital area. “High-risk or oncogenic HPV types are associated with 99.7% of all cervical cancers, and low-risk types are responsible for all cases of genital warts” (Lin & Benard, 2015). At some time in their life, 9 out of 10 people have HPV. Even the first time you are sexually active, you can be exposed to HPV from just one sexual partner. The virus is transmitted through the tiny undetectable breaks in the

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