9-24 Chapter 2

9-24 Chapter 2 - More Cognitive Transitions THE ADOLESCENT...

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More Cognitive Transitions
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THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN Do changes in adolescent thinking correspond to actual changes in brain? Does brain growth account for increased cognitive abilities? Do adolescents’ brains activate in different ways during different activities than the brains of adults?
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THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN Functional MRI – study brain activation during certain activities
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THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN Changes in brain during Adolescence 1. remodeling of synapses – connections between neurons (cells)
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THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN Changes in the brain during adolescence 2. changes in levels of neurotransmitters in parts of brain responsible for processing emotional stimuli (limbic system) – chemicals that permit transfer of electrical charges between neurons
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THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN Changes in the brain during adolescence 3. Full maturation of prefrontal cortex adolescence and early adulthood between late
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PSYCHOMETRIC/INTELLIGENCE  VIEW  How do individuals differ in their intellectual abilities? Measure intelligence to get at individual differences in abilities What is intelligence?
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VIEW Is intelligence a person’s verbal/problem-solving skills? IQ (Intelligence Quotient) Tests Most widely used and MISUSED instruments ever developed Thus designed to test the type of intelligence it takes to succeed in formal educational institutions Scores on intelligence test – not a raw score but a relative score in comparison to scores of other individuals of same
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9-24 Chapter 2 - More Cognitive Transitions THE ADOLESCENT...

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