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Dorchester Tourism - W illy Goebel Per 2 Dorchester Tourism...

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Willy Goebel Per. 2 Dorchester Tourism Although Dorchester, in the county of Dorset, is known to have been inhabited since the Stone Age, since the enclosure known as the Maumbury Rings has been proven to have been erected by Stone Age farmers, it first became a civilized area with the Romans invading in the year 43. Stone buildings didn’t appear in Dorchester until the second century, accompanied by many new discoveries such as aqueducts, mosaic floors, and central heating. After the Romans left Dorchester with the collapse of Rome, the city was abandoned for a while until a market began and the town sprang alive again. In the Middle Ages, Dorchester had 3 weekly markets and three 3 fairs, which were like markets except with much more “publicity”, attracting people from all over Dorset. During this era, the people of Dorchester used the Maumbury Rings for bear baiting, where a bear was chained to a post and dogs were trained to attack it. In 1610, Dorchester was given its first charter, which is a document granting the townspeople certain rights and reforming local government. During the 1642 civil war between king and parliament, Dorchester, a supporter of parliament, was captured by royalists in August 1643, plundered, and abandoned by the royalists, who returned in July 1644 but were fought off. The Duke of Monmouth lead a rebellion in Dorchester in 1685, but it was crushed. Many improvements were made later on, including gas lighting in 1835, a police force in 1836, the County
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Hospital in 1841, and a museum in 1845. In 1840 Thomas Hardy was born in Higher
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