sgec - Reasons for colonizing America: some wanted to...

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Reasons for colonizing America: some wanted to colonize America for religious reasons (Puritans, Puritan Separatists, and even some others such as Catholics left to practice their own religion freely). Some unemployed farmers and merchants in England colonized for economic gain/opportunity. Countries also colonized for political gain, as land gave power and income/trade. Jamestown: Jamestown was founded in 1607, and became the first permanent/successful English colony with the help of Captain John Smith. By 1618 it became a profitable tobacco colony, also significant in the tobacco industry. Plymouth: was started in 1620 when English Separatists came to Virginia aboard the Mayflower. In the Plymouth plantation, smallpox and disease killed the entire Indian population off by the 1630’s. Puritans, Massachusetts Bay Colony: Puritans founded the Massachusetts Bay colony in 1630. The migration produced Boston, Charlestown, Newtown, Roxbury, and other settlements. The Congregational Church was established (independent community churches for Puritans). With help of Pilgrims and Indians, the colony grew and prospered with a strong religious and political hierarchy. Jointstock Companies: Virginia, tobacco, indentured servants, Headright system, triangular trade, middle passage Quakers, William Penn: Pennsylvania was founded by Protestants in England (The Society of Friends a.k.a. Quakers). William Penn was a prominent landowner and became a Quaker. Penn gained land and
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sgec - Reasons for colonizing America: some wanted to...

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