Scientific-Research Method09

Scientific-Research Method09 - ThinkingCriticallywith...

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Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Thinking Critically with Psychological Science The Need for Psychological Science ± The limits of Intuition and Common Sense ± The Scientific Attitude ± The Scientific Method Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about psychology
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Impression of Psychology Hoping to satisfy curiosity, many people listen to talk radio counselors and psychics to know about others and themselves. Dr. Crane (radio shrink) http://www.nbc.com http://www.photovault.com Psychic (Ball gazing) The Need for Psychological Science Many of us believe that intuition and common sense are enough to bring forth answers about human nature. Although intuition and common sense may aid queries, they are not free of error.
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Limits of Intuition Personal interviewers tend to be overconfident of their “gut feelings” about job applicants. Taxi/ Getty Images Hindsight Bias is the “I knew it all along” phenomenon. We tend to believe, after learning about an outcome, that we would have foreseen it. We knew that the dot.com stocks would plummet, only after they did. Hindsight Bias
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The Scientific Attitude The scientific attitude is composed of curiosity (passion for exploration), skepticism (doubting and questioning) and humility (humbleness to accept when wrong). Scientific Method Psychologists, like all scientists, use the scientific method to construct theories that organize, summarize and simplify observations.
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Scientific Method/Research Design ± Theory – an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations. ± Hypothesis – a testable prediction ± Research and Observations – the research methods used to test the hypothesis and the results or outcomes. Theory is an explanation that integrates principles, organizes and predicts behaviors or events. For example, low self esteem contributes to depression. Theory
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Hypothesis is a testable prediction, often induced by a theory, to enable us to accept, reject or revise the theory. People with low self
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2009 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Scientific-Research Method09 - ThinkingCriticallywith...

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