AP World - Chapter 10 Outline.docx - The Worlds of...

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The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, & Division (600–1300) The growing community of Christianity in the Afro-Eurasia Region today (Asia & Africa) 60 % of Christians today live in Asia, Africa, and Latin America 500s-600s: Christianity had flourishing communities across large regions of Afro-Eurasia. The decline of Christianity in African & Asian communities 100 years later. Christianity main in Europe 1300 C.E.: Christianity provided common ground for third-wave societies in western Eurasia. Christendom was deeply divided: the Byzantine Empire and West Byzantium continued traditions of the Greco-Roman world until conquered (1453 C.E.) ~ Eastern Orthodoxy Western Europe: Roman Catholic Church of West establishes independence from political authorities. Eastern Orthodox Church did not Western Europe became a dynamic third-wave civilization. Was a hybrid mix of classical, Germanic, Celtic cultures Christian Contraction in Asia and Africa Due to Islam’s wide success was why Christianity became dominant in Europe Asian Christianity W/ a century of Muhammad’s death, Christianity almost disappeared from Arabia 638: Islam takes over Jerusalem & its holy sites (Christianity & Judaism) Syria & Persia: Gets taken over by Islam. Many voluntary converts but ppl who don't pay special tax Nestorian Christians/Church of the East survive but shrank in size in Syria, Iraq, and Persia Small success in Tang dynasty due but dies soon after Small revival in Mongols rule bc of its religious tolerance but dies after Mongol falls African Christianity After Islamic rule, Africa converts to Islam. Christianity disappears Conquest of Egypt (640): Still 500 years after, Christianity still remains large & ppl speaks Coptic 13th Century: Islamic Ruler questions Christians loyalty as conquests by Christian Crusaders & Mongols Ruler starts exiles of Christians. Ppl scared & started to convert to Islam but some still persist Christianity takes shape in the 5th & 6th centuries in Nubia. Thrived for a time, but largely disappeared by 1500 C.E. due to pressures of Islam Ethiopia: Becomes a Christian civilization. Islam doesn't reach due to geographic features. Developed distinctive traditions in isolation Byzantine Christendom: Building on the Roman Past Ppl sees Byzantine Empire as a continuation of the Roman Empire. Some scholars date its beginning to 330 C.E., w/ founding of Constantinople Western Empire collapses (5th century) but Eastern Europe flourishes for another 1000 years Advantages of Byzantine: wealthier & more urbanized; More defensible capital (Constantinople); Shorter frontier; access to the Black Sea; Stronger army, navy, and merchant marine; continuation of late Roman infrastructure g. conscious effort to preserve Roman ways The Byzantine State Byzantine Empire loses much of its land bc od Islam’s Conquests Had centralized political authority around the emperor of Constantinople 1085: Byzantine weakens as W Europeans and Turks attacked. 1453: Falls to the Ottoman Turks The Byzantine Church and Christian Divergence

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