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Running head: SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM 1Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders:Research Paper Outline John Nolette Liberty University 09/22/2019
2SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM Schizophrenia Spectrum Outline i.Abstract ii.Introduction of Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder a.Schizophrenia b.Schizophreniform Disorderc.Schizoaffective Disorderd.Delusional Disordere.Brief Psychotic Disorderf.Psychotic Disorder Due to Another Medical Conditiong.Unspecified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorderiii.Overview of Diagnosis category in DSM-Va.Onset i.Childhood Diagnosis1.“Although schizophrenia is rare in childhood (Fleischhaker et al., 2005), there are reports of EOS as young as 7 years of age” (Gallagher & Jones, 2017, p. 492). 2.“Although studies of EOS are not common (Puig et al., 2012), almost every one of those studies clearly connect EOS with variousforms of severe impairment” (Gallagher & Jones, 2017, p. 492). 3.Socioeconomic status (SES) alone does not increase the likelihood of Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS) but it somehow magnifies the deleterious effect of EOS on negative symptoms. This is only true for those of low SES of origin. For the nonpoor, the effect is the opposite. (Gallagher & Jones, 2017, p. 495). ii.Late Adolescence, Early Adulthood 1.“The typical time frame for the initial episode of schizophrenia is during late adolescence or early adulthood” (Gallagher & Jones, 2017, p. 492). 2.“From that point, it is characterized as following ‘a relapsing course for life’” (Gallagher & Jones, 2017, p. 492). 3.“The onset of symptoms typically occurs in adolescence and youngadulthood, with a worldwide estimate of its lifetime prevalence andincidence of 1.4–4.6 and 0.16–0.42 per 1,000 persons annually, respectively (Chien and Yip, 2013, pp. 1311-1312). b.Key Features i.Delusions1.“Fixed beliefs that are not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence” (APA, 2013, p. 87).2.“Delusions are deemed bizarre if they are clearly implausible and not understandable to same-culture peers and do not derive from ordinary life experiences” (APA, 2013, p. 87).ii.Hallucinations
3SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM 1.“Perception-like experiences that occur without an external stimulus” (APA, 2013, p. 87).2.“Auditory hallucinations are usually experienced as voices, whether familiar or unfamiliar, that are perceived as distinct from the individual’s own thoughts” (APA, 2013, p. 87). 3.Not only a diagnostic criterion for Schizophrenia and Other psychotic disorders“It is widely recognized that AH can accompany virtually all psychiatric disorders, including borderline personality disorder and dissociative identity disorder (40%), unipolar depression and bipolar disorder (45%), anxiety disorders (14%), autism (6%), and posttraumatic stress disorder (15%)” (Waters, Blom, Jardri, Hugdahl, and Sommer, 2018, p. 531).