Flashcards - Exam 3 - Exam 3 Section 8.1 Cognition...

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Exam 3 Section 8.1 Attention and Categorization Cognition Thinking, gaining knowledge, and using knowledge. Cognition begins with focusing on something (attending to it) and determining what it is (categorization) Attention Your tendency too respond to some stimuli more than others at any given time or to remember some more than others. Pre attentive process When something stands out immediately/ We don’t have to shift attention from one object to another. Attentive process One that requires searching through the items in series Stroop Effect The tendency to read the word, instead of saying the color of the ink as instructed. Change blindness The frequent failure to detect changes in parts of a scene Attentional Blink During a brief period time (100 to 700ms) after perceiving one stimulus, it is difficult to attend to something else. Attention-deficit disorder (ADD) Characterized by easy distraction, impulsiveness, moodiness, and failure to follow through on plans Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) The same except with excessive activity and “fidgetiness” Choice-Delay Task Would you prefer a small reward now or a bigger reward later? On the average people with ADD or ADHD are more likely than other people to opt for the immediate reward The Stop-Signal Task Most people with ADD or ADHD have trouble inhibiting their response, even after short delays. Prototypes Familiar or typical examples Spreading The process of thinking about one of the concepts shown in this figure will activate, or prime, the concepts linked to it Priming A small reminder of a concept makes it easier for someone to think of it
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Section 10.1 Conscious and Unconscious Processes Consciousness The subject experience of perceiving oneself and other entities Binocular rivalry The alternation between seeing the pattern in the left retina and the pattern in the right retina Phi effect Illusion of the light moving back and forth between two locations Spatial neglect A tendency to ignore the left side of the body, the left side of the world, and the left side of objects Blindsight Ann ability to respond to visual information in certain ways without being conscious of it Déjà vu experience Sense that an event is uncannily familiar Capgras syndrome Someone regards relatives and close friends as unfamiliar, insisting that these people are impostors who just resemble the real people Potential The increased motor cortex activity prior to the start of the movement Section 10.2 Sleep and Dreams Circadian rhythm A rhythm of activity and inactivity lasting about a day Jet lag A period of discomfort and inefficiency while your internal clock is out of phase with your new surroundings Superchiasmatic nucleus A tiny structure at the base of the drain known to generate the circadian rhythm of sleep Rapid eye movement (REM) During this state of sleep, the sleeper’s eyes move rapidly back and forth under the closed lids Electroencephalograph (EEG) Measures and amplifies tiny electrical
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Flashcards - Exam 3 - Exam 3 Section 8.1 Cognition...

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