2 History&evidence - BIO 370 Kirkpatrick & Hall,...

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BIO 370 Kirkpatrick & Hall, Fall 2004 p. 1 2. HISTORY AND EVIDENCE A BRIEF HISTORY OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY Greek philosophers Plato (~400 BC) and the concept of a “type” Aristotle (~350 BC) and the “Great Chain of Being” Linnaeus (1700s) and the Linnean system of classification The birth of geology Hutton (1700s): Proposes sedimentary rocks are very old Lyell (1800s): Proposes using the modern scientific method to study geological processes Lamarck (1700s): Proposes a testable (but wrong) theory for evolutionary change Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) Around the world voyage of the Beagle during his 20s Returns home Works quietly on theory of evolution for 25 years Wallace independently develops idea of natural selection in 1850s On the Origin of Species published in 1859 Mendel (1800s): Discovers laws of inheritance Population genetics (early 20 th century): Combines Mendelian inheritance, selection, and other forces of evolution Fisher:
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2009 for the course BIO 51475 taught by Professor Kirkpatrick during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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2 History&evidence - BIO 370 Kirkpatrick & Hall,...

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