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2 History&evidence - BIO 370 Kirkpatrick Hall Fall...

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BIO 370 Kirkpatrick & Hall, Fall 2004 p. 1 2. HISTORY AND EVIDENCE A BRIEF HISTORY OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY Greek philosophers Plato (~400 BC) and the concept of a “type” Aristotle (~350 BC) and the “Great Chain of Being” Linnaeus (1700s) and the Linnean system of classification The birth of geology Hutton (1700s): Proposes sedimentary rocks are very old Lyell (1800s): Proposes using the modern scientific method to study geological processes Lamarck (1700s): Proposes a testable (but wrong) theory for evolutionary change Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) Around the world voyage of the Beagle during his 20s Returns home Becomes famous for work on geology & biology Works quietly on theory of evolution for 25 years Wallace independently develops idea of natural selection in 1850s On the Origin of Species published in 1859 Mendel (1800s): Discovers laws of inheritance Population genetics (early 20 th century): Combines Mendelian inheritance, selection, and other forces of evolution Fisher: Shows Mendelian inheritance can explain continuous traits; invents
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