HumanitarianLogistics - Humanitarian Operations Pinar...

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1 Humanitarian Operations Pinar Keskinocak H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial & Systems Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Promoting human welfare – “Doing good with good OR” ± Natural and manmade disasters ± Ongoing problems ± Energy, water, food, environment, poverty, terrorism & war, health, education, democracy, population
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2 OR/MS Research in Public Sector ± Chaiken and Larson (1972), Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units: A Survey ± Larson (1972), Urban Police Patrol Analysis ± Larson and Odoni (1981), Urban Operations Research ± Jones and Eden (1981), O.R. in the Community ± Pollock, Rothkopf, Barnett (1994), eds., Operations Research in the Public Sector ± Ritchie (1994), ed., Community Works: 26 Case Studies Showing Community Operational Research in Action ± Johnson and Smilowitz (2007), Tutorial on Community- Based Operations Research ± Kaplan (2008), Adventures in Policy modeling! Operations Research in the Community and beyond Public sector examples ± Improving the performance of fire and police departments ± Delivery of meals to senor citizens (Meals-on- Wheels) ± Delivery of blood to hospitals ± Housing ± Needle exchange ± Drug policy – enforcement vs. treatment? ± Guns and violence ± Interlibrary loan delivery ± Public transportation “Routine” events vs. “disasters”
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3 Outline ± Overview and motivation ± Players/stakeholders ± Demand ± Supply ± Challenges ± Examples Challenges, differences from the for-profit world, potential research directions Types of disasters Disasters Man-Made Natural Sudden Onset Slow Onset -Fam ine - Drought Sudden Onset - Terrorist attack - Chemical leak Slow Onset - Political crisis - Refugee crisis Predictable Location Unpredictable Location - Tsunamis Predictable Timing - Hurricanes -F loods Unpredictable Timing - Earthquakes - Volcanic eruption
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4 ± 6,637 natural disasters between 1974-2003 worldwide (1) ± More than 2 million deaths ± 5.1 billion cumulatively affected people ± 182 million homeless people ± Reported damage: US$1.38 trillion ± Only in 2005, over 180,000 deaths and over US$ 200 billion economic loss occured (2) Sources: (1) THIRTY YEARS OF NATURAL DISASTERS 1974-2003: THE NUMBERS - Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of disasters (2) http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/drn/index.htm Impact of disasters on people Economic losses due to disasters US$29 billion ~41,000 Last 15 years US$10.6 billion ~100,000 Last 50 years Economic damage/year # people died/year Total economic damages: all natural disasters (in current US$ billion) 1991 - Sources: http://www.unescap.org/pdd/publications/themestudy2006/13_ch7.pdf, http://www.unisdr.org/disaster-statistics/impact-economic.htm
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5 Economic losses due to disasters Relief is a “growth market”, with governmental aid doubling from 1990 to 2000 Disaster Timeline Mitigation & Preparedness Response Recovery Pre-disaster Disaster Post-disaster •Assessment •Risk factors •Vulnerability •Planning •Infrastructure •Policy making •Capacity building •Pre-positioning resources •Training/education Relief operations: • First phase •Medics, food, shelter • Second phase
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2009 for the course ISYE 4803 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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HumanitarianLogistics - Humanitarian Operations Pinar...

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