McKenzie_Ch_07 - Theories and Models Commonly Used for...

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Theories and Models Commonly Used for Health Promotion Interventions Chapter 7
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Health Behavior: Why is it that. .. young people begin to smoke & use spit tobacco? adults who are fully aware of risks associated with smoking continue to do so? people will go to an “all- you-can-eat” buffet & eat until they are uncomfortably full? some people throw trash out their car window? many people brush their teeth every morning & night but won’t floss? college students will repeatedly drink so much alcohol in a single evening that they will get sick & not remember anything about the evening? some people exercise aerobicly & others do not?
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The Process of Learning Infancy Dependent on others Others (usually parents) via their own values… Protect infant against harm (i.e., safety equip., medical care, etc.) Promote the infant’s physical & mental development (i.e., love, food, shelter) Childhood Still dependent on others for health Most learning is incidental
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The Process of Learning (con’t.) Childhood (con’t.) Parents (all with different values) help children to master health behaviors Reward for desirable behavior Punish for undesirable behavior Over time, child learns certain habits/behaviors (i.e., hand washing) children learn certain habits/behaviors before they understand them Adolescence Less dependent, more freedom Less time with parents/adults & thus new experiences Seek own identity & form own values & standards
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The Process of Learning (con’t.) Young adult Start to take responsibility for own health Health status starts to impact behavior Adult More responsibility for self & family (social, economic, etc.) Habits/behaviors more difficult to change Older adult Set in ways May become dependent again
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Introduction to Theories & Models: Key Terms Theory - “a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables in order to explain and predict the events of the situations” Concept - primary elements of theories or building blocks of theory (Glanz et al., 2002) Construct - a concept developed, created, or adopted for use with a specific theory (Kerlinger, 1986) ; synthesized thoughts Variable - the operational (practical use) form of a construct; how a construct will be measured (Glanz et al., 2002) Model - is a subclass of theory; “draws upon a number of theories to help people understand a specific problem in a particular setting or context” (Glanz et al., p. 27)
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“A theory based approach provides direction and
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2009 for the course HLTH 440 taught by Professor Joshipraphul during the Spring '09 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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McKenzie_Ch_07 - Theories and Models Commonly Used for...

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