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Mckenzie_Ch_02 - Models for Program Planning in Health...

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Models for Program Planning in Health Promotion Chapter 2
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Planning Models: Background Information Models serve as frames from which to build; Provide structure & organization for the planning process Many different models Common elements, but different labels A Generalized Model for Program Planning
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Background Information (con’t.) No perfect model Can be used in entirety, parts, & combinations Three Fs of program planning help with selecting the appropriate model Fluidity - steps are sequential Flexibility - adapt to needs of stakeholders Functionality - useful in improving health conditions Categories Practitioner driven Consumer-based
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PRECEDE - PROCEED PRECEDE - p redisposing, r einforcing, and e nabling c onstructs in education / e cological d iagnosis & e valuation PROCEED - p olicy, r egulatory, and o rganizational c onstructs in e ducational & e nvironmental d evelopment
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PRECEDE - PROCEED Larry Green & Marshall Kreuter PRECEDE created in early 1970s PROCEED created in the 1980s Best known & often used model Theoretically grounded Comprehensive in nature Found in many government programs
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Phase 1 - Social Assessment Assessment means… Identify Describe Prioritize Phase 1 - seeks to subjectively define the QOL (problems & priorities) of priority population Self-assessment of needs & aspirations
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Phase 2 - Epidemiological Assessment Epidemiology - study of the distribution & determinants of disease What are the health problems associated with the desired QOL? Not all problems health related; If Phase 2 not applicable, skip and move on to Phase 3.
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Phase 3 - Behavioral & Environmental Assessment Behavior of priority population Determining & prioritizing behavioral & environmental risk factors or conditions linked to the health problem Environmental factors - determinants outside an individual, that can be modified to support behavior, health, or QOL Once identified, must be prioritized
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