周志榮952221E268002

周志榮952221E268002

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1 行政院國家科學委員會補助專題研究計畫 ■成果報告 □期中進度報告 中高齡電腦初學者在螢幕與紙本閱讀理解差異之分析研究 計畫類別:■ 個別型計畫 □ 整合型計畫 計畫編號: NSC 95 -2221-E-268-002- 執行期間:95 年8月1日 至 96年7月31日 計畫主持人:周志榮 共同主持人: 計畫參與人員: 大學生-兼任助理:簡巧婷,楊依湉 成果報告類型(依經費核定清單規定繳交):■精簡報告 □完整報告 本成果報告包括以下應繳交之附件: □赴國外出差或研習心得報告一份 □赴大陸地區出差或研習心得報告一份 ■出席國際學術會議心得報告及發表之論文各一份 □國際合作研究計畫國外研究報告書一份 處理方式:除產學合作研究計畫、提升產業技術及人才培育研究計畫、 列管計畫及下列情形者外,得立即公開查詢 □涉及專利或其他智慧財產權,□一年□二年後可公開查詢 執行單位:和春技術學院 96 7 31
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2 Comprehension differences between print and screen reading for middle-aged computer novices Jyh-Rong Chou Department of Product Design, Fortune Institute of Technology, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan Abstract Reading can be regarded as an interactive modality between readers and material they read, by means of different types of media. A within-subjects method was used in this study which analyzes the difference in the level of understanding of the two presentational formats—text on printed pages and hypertext on computer screens—for people between 45 54 years of age (i.e. “middle-aged” adults). In the experimental findings, there were no significant differences between the levels of comprehension for print and screen presentations. With regard to individual differences in gender, age group, and educational level, the findings are as follows: gender and education effects on print reading comprehension performance were significant while those on screen reading comprehension performance were not. For middle-aged computer novices, the main effect of age group on both print and screen reading comprehension performances was insignificant. Comparatively, linear texts of traditional paper-based material are better for middle-aged readers’ literal text comprehension, while hypertext is beneficial to their inferential text comprehension. Keywords : Reading comprehension; Individual differences; Hypertext; Older adults; Novices 1. Introduction Reading can be regarded as an interactive modality between readers and material they read by means of different types of media. With the continuing advances of information technology, computers have emerged into the mainstream of present day society. People now have greater opportunities to receive information directly from computer screens. However, many users, particularly older adult computer novices, cannot get used to operating a computer with a mouse
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2009 for the course IM MA420 taught by Professor Mar,lee during the Spring '09 term at National Taiwan University.

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周志榮952221E268002

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