How to repair faucets(taps)

How to repair faucets(taps) - How to Repair Faucets Faucets...

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How to Repair Faucets Faucets are sold in many different makes and models, but the common ones fall into just a few types. You'll find only two basic kinds of faucets; washer-type (or compression) faucets and washerless faucets. TOOLS AND MATERIALS Smooth-jaw adjustable wrench Silicone grease or petroleum jelly Repair Kit Screwdrivers, standard and Phillips Seat dressing tool Cartridges Pliers Seat Disc assembly Electrical tape Seat wrench Manufacturer's instruction sheet Pipe wrench Silicone rubber sealant Penetrating oil Faucet washers Socket wrench Locking plier/wrench Brass screws Packing Cleaning cloths Stem O-rings Hand cleaner STEP 1 FIG. 1 - Compression faucet REPAIRING A LEAKY WASHER- TYPE FAUCET Washer-type faucets work with a rubber or composition washer that closes onto a metal washer seat (Fig. 1). The washer can become hardened, worn or the seat wears, causing the faucet to leak. You can close the faucet tighter to stop the leaking temporarily, but this increases the internal damage to the faucet. To repair the leak, first turn off the water. If there's a shutoff valve beneath the fixture, turn off the water at that point. Otherwise, turn it off at the main house shutoff valve in the basement, utility room, or crawlspace. Turn off the hot water supply at the water heater. Take the faucet apart by removing the handle (this may not be necessary on some
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FIG. 2 - To use a valve seat dresser, place the tool in the valve seat and turn untill the seat is smooth. FIG. 3 - T remove the valve seat, insert a valve seat wrench into the faucet body and turn counterclockwise. older faucets). Loosen the Phillips-head screw, which usually is beneath a decorative cap in the center of the handle. The cap either unscrews or snaps off when you pry it with a knife blade. If you must use pliers on decorative faucet parts, pad them with electrical tape or cloth to protect the finish. And take special care with the plastic parts found on many modern faucets. Next, lift or pry the handle off its broached stem. Unscrew the packing nut beneath the handle, exposing the rest of the stem. Remove the stem by rotating it in the "on" direction. It will thread out. Reinstall the handle if you have difficulty turning it (Fig. 1). Clean chips from the faucet cavity, but do not use harsh abrasives or a file. Examine the stem. If the threads are badly corroded or worn, take it to your retailer and get a new stem to match. Clean the stem if it's dirty. Now look at the washer, which is located on the lower end of the stem and held in place by a brass screw. If the washer is squeezed flat or has a groove worn in it, replace it–this should stop any dripping. Take the washer with you to your dealer to ensure an exact match in size and style. If the brass screw is damaged, too, replace it with a new brass screw.
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How to repair faucets(taps) - How to Repair Faucets Faucets...

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