17) - TheUniverse Outline Thislecture: o Whystudyastronomy o Scientifictruths/confidence Physicsandhistory o o o Lif

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The Universe Outline This lecture: Broad philosophy and motivation o Why study astronomy? o Scientific “truths”/confidence Physics and history o How we observe the universe o How we interpret what we observe o How we know what we know and why we believe it Planets and the solar system Life and death of stars Evolution and structure of galaxies and the universe Why study astronomy? Personally As a society: why spend tax dollars? o Cultural Reasons Calendar/Timekeeping Important before ~ 18 th  century Not today Roger Bacon (1214-1294)
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Franciscan monk Wrote a “grant proposal” to Pope Clement IV Reason: to fix the calendar o Go through Book of Revelations to predict the coming of the  antichrist Navigation Crucial before 1850 Not today Redefine question: Why study astronomy  today ? o Prejudice/Thoughts/Issues 1) Curiosity The delight of knowing something for its own sake Basic Science = curiosity driven science As opposed to application driven science o “Useful science” o Useless is not valueless 2) Astronomy is culturally universal Important across culture as an access point 3) Ultimate history lesson B 7x10 9  years ago through the extremely distant future 4) Vehicle for teaching lots of science
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5) Understanding culture of science Understand the nature of scientific arguments and what they are  trying to tell you Understand idea of scientific “confidence” Understand how scientists frame meaning 6) Serendipity Very little, but some, basic science is application driven Michael Faraday (1791-1867) o Theory of electromagnetism o William Gladstone, treasurer of England, invited to tour  Faraday’s lab “What good is this electromagnetism of yours?” “You can tax it.” Facetious comment that has proved true Pyrazolopyrimidines o Studied as a cure for Angina Low blood supply to heart o Improves blood supply to heart o Viagra Scientific Truth/Confidence Understanding this is fundamental to public policy, legal testimony, scientific  testimony… Case study:  Case Study Handout
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o A) September 26 th , 2005 – Dover, Pennsylvania Kitzmiller vs. Dover Area School District Judge: John E. Lewis Issue: Teaching Intelligent Design (ID) in high school science classes What is ID? Why is it not science?
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17) - TheUniverse Outline Thislecture: o Whystudyastronomy o Scientifictruths/confidence Physicsandhistory o o o Lif

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