lectures for september and october

lectures for september and october - Survival is the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Survival is the fundamental goal of state, achieve by security or maximation of power Offense realism, and defensive realism, self-help is the fundamental constraint of how to achieve security. If you play this principle, fear rather then satisfaction is the common fait of countries around the world. Liberal ideals were first articulated: liberalism is the attempt to mitigate conflicts, to tame power, to transform international politics. Arbitrary intrusion into the sphere of individual liberty The form of a liberal state is rather diverse, capitalism to social democracy, from constitution monarchy to republics, from presidential regimes to parliamentary ones. Despite the variety of organizations, liberalism in the world is about self-restraint moderation, compromise and peace. Immediately you can see that the principles of liberalism when projected in the international arena, seem to be in opposition, of the nature of international politics. It’s impossible to achieve something like liberal internationality. We are in the presence of two contrary logics. Liberalism= weak individual protected against the damiety. At the domestic level, the anarchy is excluded, yet between states, anarchy is the rule. Liberalism= state is the solution, in international affairs= state is the major problem. Liberal state in world politics are sometimes perceived as weak states. They don’t have the same capacity and strength to propose interest on others. During the cold war, soviet union was far more powerful then the liberal ones, after 911, the debate emerged by the weakness of open democracy to terrorist attacks. An open western democracy allowed a small group like al quada, by using means developed by western systems. Not only in US, but other places, some liberties were cut, to protect western democracies from terrorism. The debate was raging, over individual liberty, and the requirement of international affairs. How to accommodate individual liberties, with the threat of terrorism. Ex. In the U.K freedom of speech, after the terrorist attack in London, the right was taint. Different countries disagree on the very existence of the very content of those values. The conception of democracy as we understand it, it restrained to very few countries, when we try to impose a modern society, most of the time we fail. The human right issues that we take for granted is not shared by everyone in the planet. (the issue of women rights in Islamic society) cannon said restraining from the use of force, it
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
would eventually transform communism into a liberal state. The very existence of a liberal power (U.S), was enough to convince a communism leader that the system would not work. Not by intervention, or arms race, but by just sticking to liberal principle. Iranian election= perfect example of a non-liberal state, a dictator
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/29/2009 for the course PSY psy230 taught by Professor Maja during the Spring '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Page1 / 6

lectures for september and october - Survival is the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online