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chapter 5 notes - 1 Describe Hornys concept of basic...

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1. Describe Horny’s concept of basic anxiety, and explain how it differs from Freud’s concept of anxiety As human beings our essential challenge is to be able to relate effectively to other people, basic anxiety, and insidiously increasing, all pervading feeling of being lonely and helpless in a hostile world. Results from a feeling of insecurity in these relations. Homey call all of these negative factors in the environment that can provoke insecurity in a child basic evil. Some of these conditions might be domination, isolate, overprotection, and hostility. According to Horney concept of basic anxiety the environment as a whole is dreaded because it seems as unrealistic, dangerous, and unfair. Horney concurred with Freud that anxiety is the basic human condition. However she saw anxiety not as inevitable but rather as a result of social forces. 2. Explain how ten neurotic needs or trends lead to three primary modes of relating to others and three basic orientations toward life. For the neurotic the needs is too intense too unrealistic too indiscriminate too anxiety laden. Theses trends lead to three types of coping strategies or primary modes of relating to other people ; moving toward (compliance) moving against (hostility) and moving away (detachment) these types of behavior lead in turn to three basic orientation toward life, the self effacing solution an appeal to be loved, the self expansive solution, an attempt at amster, and the resignation solutions desire to be free of others. These orientations are interpersonal. ( go to page 125 in textbook CHART) 3. Distinguish between the real self and the idealized self, and explain what is meant by tyranny of the should The real self represents what we are those things that are true about us. The idealized self represents what we think we should be. In the normal individual the idealized self and the real self largely coincide because the idealized self is based on a realistic assessment of one’s abilities and potentials. In the neurotic individual the real self and the idealized self are discrepant or separated. Horney suggested that neurotics lives are governed by the tyranny of the should, instead of meeting genuine needs, those individuals create false ones.
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