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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Ego analytic psychology Anna Freud...

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Chapter 6 Ego analytic psychology Anna Freud and Erikson- From the study of the adult to the study of the child-shift from the id to the ego, a greater appreciation of the role of society and culture in the development of personality. Anna Freud 1. Describe the contributions that Anna Freud made to psychoanalysis -her case studies of the effect of world war II revealed that although wartime may lead to negative reactions, the world of the child pivots primarily on the mother. However therapy like free association, the interpretations of dreams had to be changed to correspond with the child’s level of maturity. -Made a formal assessment procedure known as a diagnostic profile-the therapist uses the profile to organize and integrate the data that he or she acquires during a diagnostic assessment. The profile is intended to yield a complete picture of the various functioning’s of the patient’s personality and an indication of their developmental appropriateness. - developmental line-to refer to a series of id-ego interactions in which children decrease their dependence on external controls and increase ego mastery of themselves and their world. As children grow they progress from (1) dependency to emotional self reliance (2) sucking to rational eating (3) wetting and soiling to bladder and bowel control (4) irresponsibility to responsibility in body management (5) play to work (6) egocentricity to companionship -adolescence was “stepchild in psychoanalytic theory” developed a concept of normality for the adolescent period. Acknowledge that it is a period of disharmony but suggesting that the crises it entails is “normative” and functional. This behavior however can be compounded by overreacting to it or by pejoratively labeling it. - elaborated on Freud’s discussion of the ego defense. In order for the unconscious drives of the id to emerge in an analysis the ego must become aware of the defense that is issuing to prevent the material form remerging into consciences. She clarified the process of identification with the aggressor in which a victim begins to react to his captor with gratitude and admiration. – has been recognized in prisoners of war and hostages Erik Erikson-identify four way in which Erickson extended Sigmund Freud psychoanalytic theory
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4 ways extended Freud’ psychoanalytic theory 1. increased our understanding of the ego-showing how it is a creative problem solver that emerges out of the genetic cultural, and historical context of each individual 2. elaborated on Freud’s stages of development, making explicit as social dimension that was implied in Freud’s theory but never clearly stated 3. extended our concept of development to embrace the entire life span- from infancy to old age 4. explored the impact of culture society and history on the developing personality and illustrated this in his psychistorical studies of famous people 3. explain how Erikson’s theory enlarged our understanding of the ego 1.
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