CHAPTER 3 –analytical psychology

CHAPTER 3 –analytical psychology - CHAPTER...

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CHAPTER 3 –analytical psychology Explain how Jung used the term psyche Jung described two primary attitudes toward reality and four basic functions which together constitute separate but related aspects of the psyche, or total personality. Here psyche refers to all psychological processes; thoughts, feelings, sensations, wishes, and so forth. The psyche embraces both conscious and unconscious processes. Explain how Jung concept of the libido differs from Freud’s Jung also used libido to refer to psychic energy but different from Freud , in a more generalized fashion to refer to an undifferentiated life energy. Libido is an appetite that may refer to sexuality and to other hungers as well. It manifests itself as striving, desiring, and willing. Psychic energy operates according ot the principles of equivalence and entropy, it seeks a balance and moves the person forward in a process of self realization. ---criticize fraud’s s emphasis on sexuality Compare and contrast fraud’s and Jung’s concept of the ego For freud the ego is ideally the executor of the personality. Although freud initially thought that the ego is primarily conscious, he later considered that a large portion o the ego is unconscious and beyond conscious control or awareness. For Jung, the ego is one’s conscious mind, the part of the psyche that reflects perceptions thought feelings, and memories that may enter consciousness. The ego is responsible for feelings of identity and continuity. The ego however is not the true center of personality for jung. This runs counter to our everyday point of view. Identify two basic attitudes and four functions Jung contributions- explanation and description of psychological types which arise out of various combinations of two basic attitudes and four functions. Or way of perceive the environment and orienting experiences Extraversion-outward to the objective world, and introversion- subjective world Four functions- sensations and intuitions- how we gather data and information Thinking and feeling- refer to how we come to conclusion or make judgments The two attitudes and four functions combine to form eight psychological types. Describe the personal unconscious and it’s complexes Jung compared the conscious aspect of the psyche to an island that rises from the sea. We notice only the part above water, even though a much greater landmass, the unconscious lies below. The personal unconscious is a land that is not always covered by sea and thus can be reclaimed. Here reside those perceptions, thought, feelings, and memories that have been put aside(for consciousness can hold only a few items at a time) and they may be easily retrieved. The personal unconscious also includes those experiences of an individuals’ life history that have been repressed or forgotten. Experiences in the personal unconscious are grouped into cluster-complexes. Complex is
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CHAPTER 3 –analytical psychology - CHAPTER...

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