Haydn: string quartet, Op. 76, No. 3, movement II ➢ Composer: Joseph Haydn ➢ Year - 1767 ➢ Movement: ○ Allegro: sonata allegro form ○ Poco adagio, cantabile; theme and variation ○ Menuetto, allegro; minuet and trio ○ Finale, presto; sonata-allegro form ➢ Melody: lyrical melody in five phrases of four measures: repeating a-a-b-c-c ➢ Genre - chamber music ➢ Performing forces: two violins, viola and cello ➢ Meter - simple rhythm in quadruple meter; some syncopation in later variation ➢ Tempo - rather slow in singing style; subtle and contrasting dynamics ➢ Form - theme (a-a-b-c-c) and four variation - each in the same structure closing four measure coda ➢ Texture - homophonic opening; becomes more polyphonic ➢ About the historical context ○ Invasion of vienna by napoleonic armies in 1796 raise patriotism across austria so he wrote this for the country's national anthem, gotten erhalte franz de kaiser (god keep the emperor fraz) ○ Used parts of that to write his Op. 76, No 3 a few months later f=fir majestic theme and variation in the slow movement Haydn: Symphony No. 100 in G major, movement II ➢ Composer - Joseph Haydn ➢ Year - 1794 ➢ Movement: ○ Adagio-allegro; sonata - allegro form, g major ○ Allegretto; A-B-A form, C major ○ Moderato; minuet and trio, G major ○ Presto; sonata - allegro form, G major ➢ Melody - simple, graceful theme, in regular phrases ➢ Genre ➢ Performing forces ○ Section A - strings, flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassons ○ Section B - triangle, cymbal, bass drum ○ A’ section - add percussion ➢ Meter - marchlike, regular duple meter ➢ Harmony - charge from C major to C minor, then back to C major ➢ Tempo ➢ Form - three part form, with varied return (A-B-A); A is in rounded binary form ➢ Texture - homophonic ➢ Expression - sudden dynamic contrast
➢ About the historical context ○ Presented in 1794 during second london visit and received enthusiastically by British public ○ Nickname comes from Turkish military music (due to triangle, cymbals, bass drum and solo trumpet) ■ Knew these instruments from Turkish Janissary bands that perform in Vienna Mozart: Serenade No. 13 for Strings in G major, Eine kleine Nachtmusik, movements I ➢ Composer - wolfgang amadeus mozart ➢ Year - 1787 ➢ Movements ○ Allegro; sonata - allegro form, G major ○ Romanza, andante; sectional rondo form, C major ○ Allegretto; minuet and trio form, G major ○ Allegro; Sonata - rondo form, G major ➢
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- Fall '19
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Symphony, Sonata form, Key signature, Don Giovanni, binary form