Chapter 31

Chapter 31 - Chapter 31: The Ordeal of LiberalismExpanding...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 31: The Ordeal of LiberalismExpanding the Liberal State John Kennedy • The campaign of 1960 produced two young candidates who claimed to offer the nation active leadership. • The Republican nomination went almost uncontested to Vice President Richard Nixon, who promised moderate reform. • John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the son of the wealthy powerful, and highly controversial Joseph P. Kennedy, former American ambassador to Britain. • He premised his campaign, he said, “on the single assumption that the American people are uneasy at the present drift in our national course”. • Kennedy had campaigned promising a set of domestic reforms more ambitious than any since the New Deal, a program he described as the “New Frontier”. • Kennedy had traveled to Texas with his wife and Vice President Lyndon Johnson for a series of=2 0political appearances. • While the presidential motorcade rode slowly through the streets of Dallas, shots rang out. • He got shot in the throat and head, he was rushed to a hospital, where minutes later he was pronounced dead. • Lee Harvey Oswald, was arrested for the crime later that day, and then mysteriously murdered by a Dallas nightclub owner, Jack Ruby, 2 days later as he was being moved from one jail to another. • In years later years many Americans came to believe that the Warren Commission report had ignored evidence of a wider conspiracy behind the murders. Lyndon Johnson • The Kennedy assassination was a national trauma-a defining event for almost everyone old enough to be aware of it • Johnson was a native of the poor “hill country” of west Texas and had risen to become majority leader of the U.S. Senate by dint of extraordinary, even obsessive, effort and ambition. • Between 1963 and 1966, he compiled the most impressive legislative record of any president since Franklin Roosevelt. • He created the “Great Society”. • Record Democratic majorities in both houses of Congress, any of whose members had been swept into office=2 0only because of the margin of Johnson’s victory, ensured that the president would be able to fulfill many of his goals. The Assault on Poverty • The most important welfare program was Medicare: a program to provide federal aid to the elderly for medical expenses. • I ts enactment in 1965 came at the end of a bitter, 20 year debate between those who believed in the concept of national health assistance and those who denounced it as “socialized medicine”. • Medicare benefits available to all elderly Americans, regardless of need. • Medicare simply shifted responsibility for paying those fees from the patient to the government. • The centerpiece of this “war on poverty”, as Johnson called it, was the Office of economic Opportunity, which created an array of new educational, employment, housing, and health- care programs....
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 11/29/2009.

Page1 / 16

Chapter 31 - Chapter 31: The Ordeal of LiberalismExpanding...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online