Comp Lit 05.21.09 - ComparativeLiterature05/21/09

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Comparative Literature 05/21/09 Oedipus the King (Dramatization of Greek Myth) 1. Recall narrative versus story a. Narrative: the order of the story b. Story: the events as they took place in the world of the characters 2. Background a. Associated with Thebes b. Usually plays do not take place in Athens, they take place in Thebes c. Mythical background i. Abduction of Europa 1. Princess from Phoenicia (modern day Lebanon) 2. Tricked by Zeus disguised as bull 3. Gave birth to Minos on Crete ii. Led to traveling of her brother, Cadmus 1. Crossed over Aegean Sea to Greece in search for sister 2. Founded Thebes after killing a dragon that guarded sacred spring iii. Baby Oedipus  1. Rescued by shepherd who was supposed to expose baby and let him be killed. 2. Instead, took care of baby and passed him on to a friend. 3. Raised outside of Thebes.  iv. Oedipus encounters Sphinx 1. Challenges people by asking riddle 2. The riddle a. Answer: man b. Describes three stages in life of man v. Odysseus encounters the dead 1. Main elements of the myth mentioned  a. Oedipus--killed father, married mother b. Continued to rule--contrast between him and Jocasta. c. Homeric version highlights the patricide, incest and continuation to rule as main  moments in Oedipus’ life.  3. Three different plays: a. Not a trilogy; produced at very different times i. Antigone--441 ii. Oedipus Tyrranos--420s iii. Oedipus Collonus--401 4. Important features of Dramatization--what moments does he focus on? a. The discovery that Oedipus has killed his father and slept with mother i. Cognitive act 1. The understanding that he has done this; that he is the cause of the plague 2. That he is the person whom he set out to discover
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Comp Lit 05.21.09 - ComparativeLiterature05/21/09

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