ARGUMENT Formal Toulmin Rogerian

ARGUMENT Formal Toulmin Rogerian - 1 STRONG LINK to WRITING...

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STRONG LINK to WRITING and TERMS and ALL THAT JAZZ http://www.winthrop.edu/wcenter/handoutsnew.htm FIVE MINUTE WORKSHOP on STRUCTURING AN ARGUMENT by Marty Patton http://www.missouri.edu/~pattonmd/argument.html Remember this handy tool for CITING SOURCES http://citationmachine.net/ _____________________________________________________________________________ APPEALS in ARGUMENT Rational, Emotional and Ethical http://papyr.com/hypertextbooks/comp1/logos.htm http://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/argument/building.html by Dennis G. Jerz The Structure of a Classical Argument Introduction: State your thesis. o Don't mistakenly provide a topic instead of a thesis. Topic: "Public safety in Eau Claire." (far too vague for a thesis) Thesis: "The City of Eau Claire should install additional lights on Water Street." o Don't waste your reader's time by arguing an overly simple thesis. "Drug abuse is a bad thing." (By definition, "abuse" is bad.) "Just as student athletes must regularly submit to drug testing, student scholars should also prove that they are drug-free in order to enroll in college." (A much more complex issue, and therefore a much more interesting argument.) o (The Greeks also used the "introduction" to gain the trust of the listeners. .. that was very important for oral arguments, such as the Greeks used, but it is less central to an academic paper.) Narration: Think of this as "quick background." o Provide context or background information that lays the foundation for your argument. What is at stake? Why are you bothering to argue it? o This section should be brief and subtle. Do not treat this section as an opportunity to puff up the size of your paper. If you overstate your case here, your reader will be more likely to reject your arguments. 1
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Stating Your Thesis: Confirmation : Lay out the evidence that supports the position you wish to defend. o Assemble all the supporting evidence. o Divide your argument into main points and sub-points. Provide an overview to ensure the reader knows how you plan to proceed. o Present and defend each point in turn. Quote experts, cite facts, define criteria, analyze data, provide examples. Handling the Opposition: Refutation and Concession. Present a thorough summary of opposing arguments that refute the claims you want to make. If you are writing an academic paper, or if you simply want to be as thorough as you can, you should quote experts, cite facts, analyze trends, give examples, and, in short, work just as hard in this
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ARGUMENT Formal Toulmin Rogerian - 1 STRONG LINK to WRITING...

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