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Unformatted text preview: People’s Republic of People’s Republic of China
Text book, Chapter Seven People’s Republic of China People’s Republic of China
Zhang Wenkang and M. Roy Schwarz
Text book, Chapter Seven People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 The Chinese Communist Party and central government attached great importance to the health of people Dramatic development have taken place in China’s health services especially since reform and opening to outside world Limited funds and taking measures suited to china’s local condition the government has been made impressive stride in improving health of Chinese people People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 Medical health preventive health system for urban and rural areas includes: – Over 300,000 medical and health institutions – 6,000,000 medical staff – Around 800 scientific research institutions – 4 Major medical scientific academic covering Western science based Medicine Traditional Chinese medicine Preventive medicine Military medicine People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 The Scientific enterprises employed more than 100,000 scientific and research staff member as a result significant achievement in the area of:
– – – – – – – – Trachomatous virus Synthetic protein RNA Tumors Epidemiological parthenogenesis of Keshan disease Liver cancer Burn treatment Replantation of severed limbs People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 Medical products enhanced and health system reform continued uninterrupted as a result: – Smallpox, Plague, Cholera and schistosomiasis brought under control or eliminated – Prevention and treatment of various chronic disease have been achieved – Life expectancy increase from 35 in 1949 to 70 today – Infant mortality from 31.4 to 20 per 1000 – Maternal mortality from 1500 to 61.9 per 100,000 People’s Republic of China Ch7 The Challenges ahead With significant improve in health care of 22% of world’s population with less than 1% of world’s health fund, China faces the following major challenges: – Development of HS can not keep up with demand – Economic development disparity between east and west , urban and rural areas – Insufficient investment in HS is worsen by illogical and complex structure – Distribution and utilization of resources in not as efficient as might be – Health cost growing to rapidly and the need of population exceed the quality of care available 1 Goals of each human being should include good mental and physical health and living harmoniously with the environment 2 Main objective of China’s modernization efforts is to achieve sustain economic and social growth and development by implementation of following 5 effort: Science and education Economic development politics prevention Health promotion 3 Long term plan to take full advantage of traditional Chinese medicine by focuses on rural health care People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 Guide line for the future People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 30 years health objectives and actions Three general objectives for first 2000 2030 – Focus on rural health problem to reduce differences with respect to health care for all – Speed transition from Cureoriented to prevention and careoriented system – Control and eliminate major diseases Three objectives for 2nd 30 years 2031 People’s Republic of China Ch7 30 years health objectives and actions
– Complete transition from Cureoriented to prevention and careoriented system with emphasis on health promotion – Raise the quality of physical and mental health for all – Control and eliminate the emerging major diseases People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 30 years health objectives and actions Objectives for 3rd 30 to 40 years 20612099 – Solidify the gain has been made and continue to work toward general goal , good mental and physical health for all Chinese citizens by: Broaden reform to strength the health services with recognition extreme importance of pertinent moral principals Increase government investments in HS Allocate resources to reduce imbalance CON’T People’s Republic of China Ch7 People’s Republic of China Ch7 30 years health objectives and actions Give highest priority to prevention Adopt health for all standards as reference for Chinese activities Combine traditional and western science medicine Emphasis on rural areas Pay attention to teenagers, elderly, mother and children Strengthen health education Mobilize all sectors Speed development of health ,science and technology Coordinate all factors to reduce health risk factors CON’T People’s Republic of China Ch7 30 years health objectives and actions Perfect develop and implement supervision of the environment Establish methods and measures to eliminate harmful factors to psychological health Strengthen international exchange and cooperation to eliminate harmful factors such as environmental pollutant and disease ...
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