Pragmatics%202

Pragmatics%202 - Two sentences are synonymous if and on if...

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Unformatted text preview: Two sentences are synonymous if and on if they have the same truth conditions and they entail the same sentences. A. Jill persuaded Megan to go to Carolina. B. Megan was persuaded by Jill to go to Carolina. C. Megan changed her mind. D. Megan intended to go to Carolina E. Megan went to Carolina. Not all relations between sentences necessary. If A is true, B,C and D are also true. E may be true but it may not. Gricean Maxims are helpful for inferences like E. The Maxim of Relevance Be relevant The Maxim of Quality Try to make your contribution one that is true The Maxim of Quantity Do not make your contribution more or less informative than required The Maxim of Manner Avoid ambiguity and obscurity; be brief and orderly Inferences (entailments) vs. (conversational) implicatures implicatures are defeasible (they can be denied or cancelled without contracting oneself) Lexical Semantics of verbs often is done in terms of semantic notions like agent source goal patient...
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2009 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Kirby during the Summer '08 term at UNC.

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Pragmatics%202 - Two sentences are synonymous if and on if...

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