Pigs_and_Turkeys

Pigs_and_Turkeys - Pigs and Turkeys AS 221 Swine...

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Pigs and Turkeys AS 221
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Swine Unfortunately for the pig, he is not a dual purpose animal—raised solely for meat, with the exception of potbelly pets Very intelligent animals—trained to hunt truffles in France
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Terminology Boar—intact male used for breeding Sow—adult female Shoat—immature male Gilt--immature female Barrow—neutered male Newborn—piglet Group--drove
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Vital signs—normal values Heartrate: 70-110 bpm Respiration:10-30 Temperature: 102-103 F
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Reproduction Year round breeders Sow—21 day estrus cycle,standing heat lasts 2-3 days. Ovulation near end of standing heat. Breed 12-26 hrs. after start of estrus Heat detection—stands erect with pressure on back, seeks out male, mounts other sows Breeding—A.I., natural service Pregnancy diagnosis—non-return to estrus, ultrasound Gestation—114 days
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Restraint Leg hold—young pigs Both front legs, sit pig up Both rear legs, head down Front and back on same side, lateral recumbency Hog snare Similar to rabies pole Used around upper jaw Pigs usually object strenuously
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Housing Most swine operations today are truly factory farming—total confinement operations For disease control purposes, age groups are housed separately, kept together, no new stock is introduced Ventilation is important
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2009 for the course AS 221 taught by Professor Newell during the Fall '05 term at Becker College.

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Pigs_and_Turkeys - Pigs and Turkeys AS 221 Swine...

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