Birds - Birds VS 441 Most important principle of avian...

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Birds VS 441
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Most important principle of avian practice: Primum non nocere.
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Restraint and PE: Sick birds may not tolerate handling Initial exam may be made by observing bird in its cage General attitude/appearance Ambulation, ability to perch Respiratory rate/effort Droppings— color/consistency A towel is a useful tool Grasp bird firmly but lightly
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Develop a standardized approach to minimize time/stress Head— ocular/nasal discharge, swellings Beak, cere Oropharynx, choana, tongue Crop-filled, empty, distended Abdomen—masses, fluid Cloaca--mucosa Condition of feathers Condition of feet Hydration Parasites Weight! A good scale is essential
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Common disorders of pet birds Toxicosis Lead—paint on woodwork, old cages Regurgitation, bloody stool, weakness, anemia, anorexia, neurologic deficits Blood levels, radiographs Zinc—galvanized metal on cages, pennies Polyuria, lethargy, weight loss,
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Birds - Birds VS 441 Most important principle of avian...

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