Reproductive Problems

Reproductive Problems - Reproductive Problems VS 441 Female...

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Reproductive Problems VS 441
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“Female problems” History of the female breeding animal: Currently cycling? Past cycles normal? Any cytology done? Medications—current/past? Certifications/testing OFA CERF Other genetic issues: ex. Deafness in Dalmatians Yearly testing for Brucellosis in all breeding animals
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Problems of the female Exam: Mammary glands Masses Abnormalities of the nipples Vulva Anatomy—should not be obscured by fatty folds Discharges—color, odor, consistency. Normal/abnormal for current reproductive status/stage in cycle?
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Female Vaginal cytology/cultures Cultures— not SOP. Do if: Owner request Abnormal vulvar discharge present Infertility problems with open cervix Do vaginal culture before rest of vaginal exam Bacteria are normal in distal vagina, mixed flora similar to fecal flora Indicative of infection: Excessive numbers Pure culture
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Female Cytology: Best to do daily starting with proestrus and into early diestrus Can teach owner technique Digital exam Vaginoscopy Vaginal mucosa—color, surface Look for origin of vulvar discharges Cervix Urethra Masses
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Reproductive Problems - Reproductive Problems VS 441 Female...

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