Lecture 05 - Psychology - Part 1

Lecture 05 - Psychology - Part 1 - INTRODUCTION TO...

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INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE SCIENCE PSYCH 1102/COGST 1101/LING 1170/ PHIL 1910/CS 1710
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Psychology The roots of cognitive psychology                Psychology                Neuroscience Linguistics Science Philosophy                Mind?
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Outline Why Science? What was wrong with all those philosophical  approaches An Example of Science: Not behavioral What Ptolemy did right! A brief history of cognitive psychology Somehow Hawking forgot to put this chapter in  his book An Example of Science: Behavioral The Stroop Effect
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Why Science? What was wrong with all those  philosophical approaches
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Why science?
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An Example of Science: Not behavioral What Ptolmey did right!
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An example of science: not behavioral Ptolmey Greek  Astronomer About 200 ad
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An example of science: not behavioral Observed that he didn’t feel the earth  move under his feet I FEEL THE  EARTH MOVE  UNDER MY  FEET… FUNNY…I  DON’T!
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An example of science: not behavioral Observed that stars  trace circular paths  through the sky
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An example of science: not behavioral Observed that planets have “retrograde  motion” They appear to move backwards
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An example of science: not behavioral Devised an  explanation hypothesis The earth was a fixed  center to the universe Everything else  revolved around it Planets revolved  around the earth on  epicycles
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An example of science: not behavioral Tested the hypothesis Epicycles predicted the location of planets  perfectly To the extent of Ptolmey’s measurement  instruments
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An example of science: not behavioral New Observations Hans Lippershey &  Galileo Galilei made  telescopes in the 1600s Allowed for better  observations Discovery of moons of  Jupiter Revise or replace  theory?
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An example of science: not behavioral Revise… Still epicycles Moons orbit Jupiter But Jupiter still orbits  Earth on an epicycle  of its own
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An example of science: not behavioral New Observations Hans Lippershey &  Galileo Galilei made  telescopes in the  1600s Allowed for better  observations Discovery of phases  of Venus Revise or replace  theory?
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An example of science: not behavioral Replace… Ptolmey’s epicycles do  not predict phases And no simple  revisions help The theory must be  wrong, since it does  not predict observable  data
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An example of science: not
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2009 for the course PHIL 1910 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Lecture 05 - Psychology - Part 1 - INTRODUCTION TO...

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