FINAL IDs - Examples of IDs: JAPAN the American occupation...

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Examples of IDs : JAPAN – the American occupation of Japan: Pacific Century 1. 1947 Constitution of Japan background o after ww2 two of japans cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki were in ruins o America comes in to occupy japan and demilitirzie (Article 9) and democratice. They demoratize with a new liberal and democratic constitution committee members o Japanese were inexperienced in making constitutions so most of the makers were American. o MacArthur chose General Whitney to draft specific iterms in the constitution (do they really change social and political systems of japan) o Diet – key law making body. Late 1940s elected first prime minister of japan o Popular sovereignty thru elections. Indefinite sovereignty used to be in hands of emperor o 1946 - Article 9 (we thought “Japan would forever use war to settle international disputes” so we quickly disassembled their military. Self Defense force established in 1954. o Women could vote o Freedom of speech and press o Voting age lowered 25 20 o The “ purge ” or politicians who’d been associated w/ ww2. More than 167,000 were purged. 80% of them were military. They wanted to bring japan more to the left. Right was the enemy. Until the cold war. o Economics: Zaibatsu broken up. Mitsubishi broken up. o Decentralizing the local gov’t has been least successful reform b/c it just took power away from govt reactions of Japanese significance o more of a political change than a social change. (socially, jazz music. Japanese lovers were forced to kiss) o Significance of committee members: Jap felt like they ewren’t getting complete freedom b/c they didn’t have much say. o Sig of pop sover –1946 denounced emporer from being god; now he’s just a reflection of the state. Clearer lines of authority and accountability o The purge led to ppl of low political experience not involved w/ old regime for first time. o Zaibatsu : economic power was distributed. Japs dono’t like this and they reverted back to mitsubishi as soon as they could b/c conglomerates are fastest/easiest way to restore economy. USA didn’t mind cuz it meant they had to support japan less (economically ) 9/325 corporations were actually dissolved. o Article 9 – japan’s rt wing wants to get rid of it but hasn’t yet o LDP effect of all of this. Still in power today 2. US-Japan Security Treaty and the fight over its revision Created by US Congress in 1952 at the end of the US occupation of Japan. Allowed the US military to continue to stay in Japan and use important bases for defense of the Far East Allowed the US to intervene in Japanese internal disturbances US made Japan a battlefield for a potential nuclear war with the Soviet Union Japanese people didn’t like it, mainly because they didn’t want to be involved in 1
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another war since their country was already devastated in WWII In 1957, Prime Minister Kishi started revising the treaty Made a lot of changes (ie: Japan wouldn’t share cost of US military stationed at
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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FINAL IDs - Examples of IDs: JAPAN the American occupation...

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