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Unformatted text preview: EASC 1- ANSWERS 1 1. 1947 Constitution of Japan The 1947 Constitution was created by the United States during Japanese occupation and was first drafted in English. The emperor himself has no political power, but is just a state symbol. He can conduct ceremonial and diplomatic affairs. The government has three branches, the legislative, administrative, and judiciary. Legislative power belongs to the Diet (parliament), administrative power goes to the Cabinet, and judicial power lies in the court system. Universal suffrage was introduced (all adults 20 and older, reduced from 25 and now women can vote) and human rights were guaranteed. Americans removed the armed forces and encouraged the re-establishment of competing parties. Article 9 of the Constitution ended Japan as a possible military power. Japan was forbidden to ever lead a war again or to maintain an army. Created by the United States who during occupation. It provides parliamentary structure, but many Japanese believed it was anti-Japanese and too westernized. It basically brought democracy to Japan. 2. US-Japan Security Treaty and the fight over its revision Occupation of Japan started in 1945. In 1952, it formally ended the American occupation in Japan and allowed the US to use military basses in Japan for the defense of the Far East and to intervene in Japan if they needed assistance. Japan’s army and navy were disbanded and later the “self defense” reform was enacted. Most people approved but thought it was compromising Japan’s independence and was again too American. The underlying philosophy was liberal and democratic. 3. General Douglas MacArthur MacArthur was the American leader during the occupation of Japan. He wanted to make it the most successful occupation in world history. He was credited with defeating Japan during WWII, and helped rebuild it. MacArthur got emergency food supplies for the Japanese and for a while stirred up positive American feelings. He was Supreme commander of the Allied Powers. MacArthur also pushed Communist troops back to the Chinese border. As a result, Japanese had big anti-American sentiment. As it started, Asian countries had great support and admiration for Americans and viewed them as the “savior of their race,” but then those turned into Anti-American sentiments. 4. The triangular relationship between the U.S., China and Taiwan (from China, Eleventh edition) (Page 86 is great) U.S. and China have usually been on good terms and the U.S. has also continued to maintain extensive and informal economic and cultural ties with Taiwan. Currently, ties with Taiwan have started to diminish and China’s own ties with Taiwan have grown closer since 1988. Taiwan invests a lot of money into the Chinese economy. Relations have been up and down between China and Taiwan, but their goal is to maintain the status quo—a peaceful and profitable relationship in which Taiwan continues to act as an independent state, but does not declare its independence. The U.S. also invests a lot in Taiwan economy so they are currently on good terms. U.S. China relations are smoother, Taiwan economy so they are currently on good terms....
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Spring '07 term at USC.
- Spring '07