Fundamentals_of_Digital_Electronics - Fundamentals of...

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Fundamentals of Digital Electronics March 1998 Edition Part Number 321948A-01 Fundamentals of Digital Electronics Copyright Copyright © 1998 by National Instruments Corporation, 6504 Bridge Point Parkway, Austin, Texas 78730-5039. Universities, colleges, and other educational institutions may reproduce all or part of this publication for educational use. For all other uses, this publication may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, storing in an information retrieval system, or translating, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of National Instruments Corporation. Trademarks LabVIEW™ and The Software is the Instrument™ are trademarks of National Instruments Corporation. Product and company names listed are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies. by Professor Barry Paton Dalhousie University
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For More Information If you have any questions or comments regarding this course manual, please see the following web site: http://sensor.phys.dal.ca/Digital Electronics/ . Australia 03 9879 5166, Austria 0662 45 79 90 0, Belgium 02 757 00 20, Brazil 011 288 3336, Canada (Ontario) 905 785 0085, Canada (Québec) 514 694 8521, Denmark 45 76 26 00, Finland 09 725 725 11, France 01 48 14 24 24, Germany 089 741 31 30, Hong Kong 2645 3186, Israel 03 6120092, Italy 02 413091, Japan 03 5472 2970, Korea 02 596 7456, Mexico 5 520 2635, Netherlands 0348 433466, Norway 32 84 84 00, Singapore 2265886, Spain 91 640 0085, Sweden 08 730 49 70, Switzerland 056 200 51 51, Taiwan 02 377 1200, United Kingdom 01635 523545 National Instruments Corporate Headquarters 6504 Bridge Point Parkway Austin, Texas 78730-5039 Tel: 512 794 0100 International Offices
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Contents © National Instruments Corporation iii Fundamentals of Digital Electronics Introduction Lab 1 Gates The AND Gate ............................................................................................... 1-1 The OR and XOR Gates ................................................................................ 1-2 Negation ......................................................................................................... 1-2 The NAND, NOR, and NXOR Gates ............................................................ 1-2 Building Gates from Other Gates .................................................................. 1-3 Gates with More than Two Inputs ................................................................. 1-4 Masking ......................................................................................................... 1-5 Application: Data Selector ............................................................................. 1-6 Name that Gate .............................................................................................. 1-6 Lab 1 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 1-6 Lab 2 Encoders and Decoders The Die .......................................................................................................... 2-2 Modulo 6 Counter .......................................................................................... 2-3 Encode ........................................................................................................... 2-4 Virtual Dice ................................................................................................... 2-5 Lab 2 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 2-6 Lab 3 Binary Addition Adder Expansion (Half Adder, Full Adders) ................................................. 3-3 Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) ....................................................................... 3-5 LabVIEW Challenge ..................................................................................... 3-6 Lab 3 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 3-6
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Contents Fundamentals of Digital Electronics iv © National Instruments Corporation Lab 4 Memory: The D-Latch Shift Registers ................................................................................................ 4-2 LabVIEW Challenge: The Bucket Brigade ................................................... 4-4 Ring Counters ................................................................................................ 4-4 Lab 4 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 4-5 Lab 5 Pseudo-Random Number Generators A 6-Bit Pseudo-Random Number Generator ................................................. 5-1 An 8-Bit Pseudo-Random Sequencer ............................................................ 5-2 8-Bit Pseudo-Random Number Generator ..................................................... 5-5 Encryption of Digital Data ............................................................................. 5-6 Lab 5 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 5-7 Lab 6 JK Master-Slave Flip-Flop Binary Counters (1-Bit, 2-Bit, and 4-Bit) ...................................................... 6-3 8-Bit Binary Counter (with and without Reset) ............................................. 6-5 Summary ........................................................................................................ 6-5 Lab 6 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 6-6 Lab 7 Digital-to-Analog Converter What is a DAC? ............................................................................................. 7-1 ALU Simulator .............................................................................................. 7-3 Simulating a Real DAC Chip ......................................................................... 7-4 Waveform Generators .................................................................................... 7-5 Special DACs ................................................................................................. 7-6 Lissajous Figures ........................................................................................... 7-7 Lab 7 Library VIs .......................................................................................... 7-8 Lab 8 Analog-to-Digital Converters, Part I Purpose of the Analog-to-Digital Converter .................................................. 8-1 The Ramp ADC ............................................................................................. 8-2 Tracking ADC ................................................................................................
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