Week 2 History and Technology

Week 2 History and Technology - History and Technology An...

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History and Technology An Historical Turning Point | Fundamentalism and Technology | Technology and Equity Issues | History's Top Ten | Study Tools An Historical Turning Point The Protestant Reformation profoundly changed Western culture and split Christianity into two distinct groups. The theological ideas of a simple 16th Century German monk changed Western civilization. But the ideas of Martin Luther and other reformers were joined by a new revolution in technology, the printing press. With printing, knowledge for the first time became accessible to the common person. And once the Bible was available in the vernacular or common tongue, belief itself could never again be the same. The earliest known printed material dates to China in the 9th Century CE. But before Gutenberg, printing was limited in the number of editions made and was exclusively decorative. Johannes Gutenberg, born around 1400 in Mainz, Germany, was the youngest son of an upper-class merchant. Little is known of his early life, although he may have studied at the University of Erfurt. But by 1434 he was in Strasbourg and, over the course of several years, researched and perfected his printing technique. By 1448 he was back in Mainz, where he took out a loan to set up his printing business. By 1850 he had set up a press and had begun printing. Gutenberg is credited with designing movable metal type, creating a process whereby printing could be mass produced and using a wooden printing press similar to a wine press. The use of movable type allowed knowledge to be widely disseminated for the first time. Some scholars believe Gutenburg had two presses, one for secular business and one for his famous Bible. Ironically, one of Gutenberg’s most popular enterprises was printing indulgences for the church, an “artifact” which would ultimately become the spark for the Protestant Reformation. Few men, if any, have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. In less than ten years, this German monk
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course HUMN 432 taught by Professor Moayed during the Spring '09 term at DeVry Cincinnati.

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Week 2 History and Technology - History and Technology An...

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