psychopharm lec 1

psychopharm lec 1 - Drugs & The Brain The What is a...

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Drugs & Drugs & The Brain The Brain What is a drug? Who uses drugs? History of drugs and funny laws Models of drug abuse, dependence, withdrawal and addiction
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“Almost every species of animal has engaged in the natural pursuit of intoxicants” --R.K. Siegel, 1989
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19.5 million have used illicit drugs 71 million drink alcohol 16 million drink alcohol heavily (5 or more drinks/day in a week) Who Uses Drugs? Who Uses Drugs? You Do!!!! You Do!!!!
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Is there a positive or a negative association with the term “Drug User” Let’s think about this for a moment Let’s think about this for a moment
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Drug type and age affect drug use Drug type and age affect drug use
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History of Drug Laws History of Drug Laws Drug Law Year Pure food and drug act—created FDA 1906 Harrison act – Regulated (and taxed) opiates and cocaine 1914 Prohibition – No more booze! 1920 (Repealed in 1933) Marijuana Tax Act – goodbye marijuana 1937 Controlled Substances Act – Established drug schedules that we still follow today 1970
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1897 – Mail order advertisement from Sears, Early 20th century – mothers encouraged to use opium syrup to soothe teething pain 1899 - Aspirin, derivative of salicyclic acid is first prescribed as a pain reliever by Bayer drug company 1987 - Prozac (fluoxetine) is first SSRI marketed for depression History of Drug Use History of Drug Use
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WHAT IS A DRUG? WHAT IS A DRUG? A chemical compound that is administered to bring about some desired change in the body Psychoactive drugs -- Substances that act to alter mood, thought, or behavior (abused or used to manage neuropsychological illness) Narcotic comes from the Greek word, “narke”, meaning stupor and referred to any drug that induced sleep
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STATISTICS STATISTICS As of today, Caffeine, nicotine, and ethyl alcohol are by far the most addictive drugs used by the vast majority of people across cultures 90% of Americans over age 11 use caffeine at least once/week ONDCP found that, between 1988 and 1995, Americans spent $57.3 billion on “hard” drugs, broken down as follows: $38 billion on cocaine, $9.6 billion on heroin, $7 billion on marijuana, and $2.7 billion on other illegal drugs and on the misuse of legal drugs
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STATISTICS STATISTICS A study prepared by The Lewin Group for the National Institute on Drug
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course PSYCH 50513 taught by Professor Cooper during the Spring '09 term at TCU.

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psychopharm lec 1 - Drugs & The Brain The What is a...

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