child1_ch14_11.09.outline

child1_ch14_11.09.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 14 Friday November 9, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements Exams????? ‘Pop-culture’ worksheet due in 1 week Papers- first in, first out policy
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Slide 3 Thinking about Moral Issues On average, people lie about 6 times a day. Is it ok to lie ? If yes, what are the rules that you follow for when you should and should not lie? Where do you draw the line? Are your rules absolute (no exceptions)? When does your behavior differ from your reasoning? How do you know what is right and what is wrong?
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Slide 4 A study of Lying What do we know of children’s morality? Lewis et al. investigated children’s ability to resist temptation and the development of lying. 1. When are children able to resist the impulse to peek at a toy? 2. When do children begin to lie about it?
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Slide 5 Child Age and Peeking 0 20 40 60 80 100 PERCENT WHO PEEKED 2 3 4 5 6 AGE IN YEARS
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Slide 6 Child IQ and Peeking 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 PERCENT WHO PEEKED < 80 80-99 100-119 >120 IQ SCORE
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Slide 7 Child Emotion Knowledge and Peeking 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 EMOTION KNOWLEDGE  Z-SCORES +10 PEEKERS NON-PEEKERS Emotion knowledge = ability to decode, recognize, and reproduce emotion information
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Slide 8 Deception If children peek, which ones lie about it?
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Slide 9 Child Age and Lying 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 PERCENT WHO LIED 2 3 4 5 6 AGE IN YEARS
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Slide 10 Child IQ and Lying 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 PERCENT WHO LIED < 80 80-99 100-119 >120 IQ SCORE
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Slide 11 Emotion Knowledge and Lying 5 6 7 8 9 10 EMOTION KNOWLEDGE  Z-SCORES +10 LIARS TRUTHTELLERS
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Slide 12 So…. Peeking is related to: Younger age Lower IQ Poor emotional knowledge Lying is related to: Older age Higher IQ Good emotional knowledge Based on this evidence, how would you handle a child who frequently lies?
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Slide 13 14- Moral Development Domains of Moral Development 1. Reasoning (Piaget, Kohlberg, Damon) 2. Behavior 3. Feeling Contexts of Moral Development 1. Social 2. Cultural
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Slide 14 What Is Moral Development? Changes in thoughts, behaviors, and feelings regarding standards of right and wrong An intrapersonal dimension : Regulates activities An interpersonal dimension : Regulates social interactions and arbitrates conflict
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Slide 15 1. Moral Reasoning Emphasizes ethical issues Moral rules not arbitrary, but obligatory and widely accepted Violations are affronts to ethical standards ( murder, stealing $ or property, etc.) Involve concepts of justice Not created by social consensus and convention
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Slide 16 A Case of Clubhouse Rules
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Slide 17 Cognitive-Developmental Theory: Piaget Cognitive growth and social experiences determine morality Cognitive maturity
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