Evidence Outline 2 - 1EvidenceOutline BasicTerminology

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1 Evidence Outline Basic Terminology Offer of Proof  – show of evidence to rebut an objection Foundation  – evidence presented before additional evidence is allowed. Impeachment  – evidence provided to show that a witness has made a mistake Rehabilitation  – rebuts impeachment Unfair Prejudice  – misleading/confusing evidence Hearsay  – evidence of a statement made by third party to proof an issue. Allowable Questions Scope of Questioning (R. 611(b)) a. On Direct: i. Any relevant subject matter b. On Cross: i. Subject matter of direct ii.Credibility iii. Relevant subject matter not brought up in direct Leading Questions (R. 611(c)) c. On Direct – No leading questions, UNLESS: i. Used to develop testimony ii.Opponent party, identified with opponent party (family, friend, etc.), or hostile  witness. d. On Indirect – Always use leading questions, UNLESS: i. Friendly witness called by opponent. ii.Questions go beyond the scope of what was offered on direct. General Provisions Objections a. No evidence ruling can be assigned as erroneous (on appeal), UNLESS: i. Substantial right is affected, AND either 1. Objection is made (if evidence was admitted), OR 2. Offer of Proof was given (if evidence was not admitted), OR 3. Rule was “plain error” – judge takes it upon himself to object to it. b. Objections Must Be: i. Timely ii.Correct iii.Specific Limited Admissibility c. If evidence is admissible for one purpose, but ot another, the court will limit the  evidence to its proper scope. Witnesses in Gen’l Competency (R. 601) a. Every person is competent to be a witness. © 2006 Stephen Hunt, Jr. Licensed Under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/
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i. Few people exists who lack the capacity to observe in some manner. ii.Mentally incapacitated/infants may not be allowed to testify, but under lack of  personal knowledge or waste of time, not lack of competency. Lack of Personal Knowledge (R. 602) b. Witness must have personal knowledge concerning the subject of his testimony.   i. This requires foundation, but the testimony itself may serve as foundation. Oath (R. 603) c. Witness must swear/affirm before being allowed to testify. Interpreters (R. 604) d. Translators must qualify as experts and take an oath. Competency of Judge as a Witness (R. 605) e. Presiding  judge may not be a witness. Competency of Juror as a Witness (R. 606)
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course LAW 577 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Evidence Outline 2 - 1EvidenceOutline BasicTerminology

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