child1_ch3_9.14_outline

child1_ch3_9.14_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 3 Friday September 14th, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements: Ch 4 for Monday- Prenatal development and birth Worksheet due Tuesday on course reading entitled ‘Fetal life…’ Worksheet is in Sakai ‘Resources’ Submit through Sakai ‘Assignments’
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Slide 3 Review: What is wrong with this logic?
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Slide 4 Research Methods in Child Development Research Designs (continued) Experimental research: Experiment: A carefully regulated procedure in which one or more of the factors believed to influence the behavior being studied are manipulated while all other factors are held constant. Random assignment Experimental and control groups Independent and dependent variables
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Slide 5 Experimental Design: Independent variable (IV) The aspect of a situation that is intentionally varied Examples Drug or placebo Temperature of room Amount of exercise
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Slide 6 Designing experiments: Dependent variable (DV) The aspect of a situation that is measured while the independent variable is changed Its value DEPENDS on the independent variable Examples Drug or placebo (IV) -> Size of tumor (DV) Temperature of room -> Number of aggressive acts Aerobic exercise -> physical health of newborn
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Slide 7 Research Methods in Child Development Principles of Experimental Research
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Slide 8 Research Methods in Child Development Time Span of Research Cross-Sectional Approach A research strategy in which individuals of different ages are compared at one time. Longitudinal Approach A research strategy in which the same individuals are studied over a period of time, usually several years or more.
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Slide 9 Research Designs
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Slide 10 Review and Reflect: Review How are data on children’s development collected? What are the main research designs used in studying development? What are some ways that researchers study the time span of people’s lives? To what extent are theories and methods connected?
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Slide 11 Our Genetic inheritance Do you know a set of identical twins? How are they similar or different? How can we use twins to understand the role that genes play in development?
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Slide 12 3—Biological Beginnings 1. The Evolutionary Perspective 2. The Genetic Foundations of Development 3. Heredity and Environment Interaction: The
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Slide 13 1. The Evolutionary Perspective
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Slide 14 1. The Evolutionary Perspective Natural Selection and Adaptive Behavior Natural selection is the evolutionary process that favors individuals of a species that are best adapted to survive and reproduce . Adaptive behavior is behavior that promotes an organism’s survival in the natural habitat.
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Slide 15 The Evolutionary Perspective Natural Selection (continued) Evolutionary Psychology A contemporary approach that emphasizes the importance of adaptation, reproduction, and “survival of the fittest” in shaping behavior .
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