mime221_midterm_review

mime221_midterm_review - MCGILL UNIVERSITY ETHICS IN...

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MCGILL UNIVERSITY ETHICS IN ENGINEERING MIDTERM REVIEW-CHAPTERS 1-6 CHAPTER 1 - EHTICS AND PROFESSIONALISM 1.1 Scope of engineering ethics 1.1.1 Overview of themes -Engineering as social experimentation: -Ethics and excellence: moral values are embedded in engineering -Personal commitment and meaning -Promoting responsible conduct and preventing wrong-doing -Myriad moral reasons generate ethical dilemmas -Micro and macro issues -Cautious optimism about technology 1.1.2 What is engineering ethics? Ethics : -synonymous of morality -refers to moral values that are sounds, actions that are morally required or morally permissible. Morality : concerns obligations and rights, ideals of character, and minimizing harm to humans, animals, and the environment. 1.1.3 Why study engineering ethics? It is important both in contributing to safe and useful technological products and in giving meaning to engineer’s accomplishments. To develop ability to deal with moral complexity in engineering(moral autonomy) To develop these skills: -Moral awareness -Cogent moral reasoning -Moral coherence -Moral imagination -Moral communication -Moral reasonableness -Respect for persons -Tolerance of diversity -Moral hope -Integrity (Definitions: p.9-10) 1.2 Accepting and sharing responsibility 1.2.1 Saving Citicorp tower (read)
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1.2.2 Meaning of responsibility Related senses: -Obligations: Actions that someone needs to respect to act morally. They can be incumbent on us or role responsibilities. -Accountable: Having the capacity to see what is moral and what is not, to be able to answer to our obligations. -Conscientious: to be conscious of what your obligations are as an engineer and to meet them. -Blameworthy/Praiseworthy: -being accountable when things go wrong ; - accepting praise when things go right. Dimensions of engineering Tasks: -Initiation of task(idea, market demand,etc) -Design -Manufacture -Implementation -Final tasks Silo mentality: keeping information and discussion compartmentalized rather than shared across different departments(ex: mechanical, chemical, electrical eng.) within an organization because they denigrate the work the work carried out by other groups than their own. It can be difficult to improve a design under such circumstances. + Table 1-1 (page 20) (important, referring to the midterm!!!) 1.3 Responsible professionals and ethical corporations 1.3.1 What are professions? Professions are those forms of work involving advanced expertise , self-regulation and concerted service to the public good . They involve high ethical standards. 1.3.2 Morally commited corporations (read) Non-ethical Corporation: Enron Ethical Corporation: Quickie designs 1.3.3 Social responsibility movement Stakeholder theory: corporations have responsibilities to all groups that have a vital stake in the corporation, including employees, customers, dealers, suppliers, local communities and the general public. 1.3.4
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2009 for the course MIME MIME 221 taught by Professor Hassani during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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mime221_midterm_review - MCGILL UNIVERSITY ETHICS IN...

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