O. H. S.
The Silo Effect
is a business term which stands for the deficiency of communication and cross-departmental
support which can be found quite often in large companies. In such situation teams work only on their own problems
and needs, frequently ignoring those of others. This way information and customers’ concerns get lost in the middle.
The Silo Effect gets its name from the farm storage form silo: As if there were two silos standing closely, and if some
people were inside them, they would not be able to exchange even a few words through the walls.
Intellectual Property (IP)
is any product or form of expression that is produced with an individual’s intellect,
very original and unique. Examples of IP may include artistic work, computer software, business strategies, chemical
formulas, genetically-engineered organisms, industrial technological processes, et cetera. There are four main ways of
legal IP protection: trademarks, patents, designs and copyright. Individuals, as well as institutions can own their
innovation exactly how they can
own physical property. A possessor of IP can manage and receive payment for its
use; thus, IP has value in the commercial field.
The IP that results from research at McGill is the product of a cooperative work among university staff, students,
and the University itself.
In many cases when research is done in close collaboration with other individuals (i.e.
fellow students, supervisors, co-researchers), IP is shared according to the Law and the McGill IP Policy.
creations become protected by the Copyright Act which provides a legal right to the creditor. Inventions normally fall
under the Patent Act. In this case, the inventor and the University have a shared interest in this IP, according to the
McGill IP Policy.
Any data produced in one’s research project is only protected under the Copyright Act. If the University has
provided all resources that allowed one to gather the data, it also has an interest in any resulting of its use. In general,
research data is equally owned by the researcher and the University; thus, both have the right to use it. If the research
project was funded by a sponsor who has been given rights to the data (ex. in a service contract), then the sponsor also
has IP rights over the data but not over the technologies used to obtain the data. For graduate students and post-