Name the 4 basic tissue types in the human body.
Epithelium, connective, muscle, nervous
Which of the tissues of the body are vascular?
Which are avascular?
What are the special characteristics of epithelial tissue?
Has polarity; a basal and apical surface, minimum cellular material, all epithelium
is bound to a basement membrane
Name the classifications of epithelial tissue based on 1) layering 2) shape 3) other
1) simple, stratified, pseudostratified
2) squamous, cuboidal, columnar, transitional
3) Cilia, microvilli, stereocilia, goblet cells
For each classification above, what are the associated functions?
Where in the body would you find simple squamous epithelium?
Air sacs of lungs, cardiac cavity
Stratified squamous – skin, nostrils, lips, mouth, esophagus
Where in the body would you find simple cuboidal epithelium?
Simple cuboidal – secretion, absorption; in ducts of many glands, kidney
Simple columnar – secretion/absorption; in stomach, intestines
Where in the body would you find transitional epithelium?
What makes it different from
It can stretch and then return back to its original shape
Differentiate between cuboidal, columnar, and squamous epithelia.
How would you
distinguish them on a slide?
Cuboidal – cube like, nucleus is proportional to cell
Columnar – nucleus is smaller than cell
Squamous – flat, one nuclei
Name the 4 main types of connective tissue.
Blood, bone, cartilage, connective tissue proper
What are the characteristics of connective tissue?
Transport, support, storage defense; holds body together; transports salts, gases,